Reports: Economy and workforce

Making Ends Meet: How Many Minnesota Jobs Pay Enough to Meet Basic Needs?
North Star Policy Institute, February 2018, 34 pp.
This report examines jobs with wages sufficient to meet basic needs in each of Minnesota's thirteen economic development regions. The "typical famliy's basic needs hourly wage" is defined by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development in the 2017 Minnesota Cost of Living Study.   more info >

2020 Census Faces Challenges in Rural America
Carsey School of Public Policy, December 2017, 8 pp.
The 2020 Census will have ramifications for every person in the United States, and there are challenges that will make some rural areas and populations difficult to enumerate accurately. This brief identifies rural areas where special outreach and operations will be needed to get a complete and accurate count. It also addresses key Census-related issues that will be important for rural leaders to monitor between now and April 1, 2020.   more info >

A Demographic and Economic Profile of Duluth, Minnesota, and Superior, Wisconsin
Carsey School of Public Policy, August 2017, 6 pp.
This brief present a demographic and economic profile of Duluth, MN, and Superior, WI, with a specific focus on families with children.In both cities, poverty among families with children has increased substantially in the last 15 years. In St. Louis County—home of Duluth—families with low incomes have experienced declines in their income over the past 40 years, while income has grown for more well-off families.   more info >

Itasca Project: Our Regional Competitiveness Depends on Broadening Opportunities for a More Diverse and Inclusive Workforce
Wilder Research, March 2017, 4 pp.
Discusses how the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region can benefit by building a more diverse workforce and presents a dashboard of Minneapolis-Saint Paul workforce indicators.   more info >

The State of Working Minnesota 2016
Minnesota Budget Project, September 2016, 7 pp.
A review of recent economic information reveals that too many working Minnesotans still lack the quality jobs that would allow them to support themselves and their families. This study finds that: wages for low-wage workers are lower now than in 2000, when adjusted for inflation; many Minnesota workers earn less than what it takes to support a family of three; and people of color are more likely than other Minnesotans to be underemployed or unemployed.   more info >

Behind the Curve: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Twin Cities
Metropolitan Council, September 2016, 9 pp.
Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, this brief compares the 16-county Twin Cities metro to other large metros in the U.S., examining three key indicators--employment, poverty, and homeownership rates--by race and ethnicity, noting disparities across groups.   more info >

Responsible Banking in the Twin Cities
Roy Wilkins Center for Human Relations and Social Justice at the University of Minnesota, August 2016, 61 pp.
This report investigates the current state of lending practices by financial institutions in the Twin-Cities metropolitan statistical area, using publicly available loan application data from 2008 through 2013. It shows that minorities are disproportionately more likely to have their loan applications rejected in the Twin Cities area.   more info >

Minnesota Legislative Report Card on Racial Equity
Voices for Racial Justice, July 2016, 64 pp.
Annual report  that looks at the previous Minnesota legislative session, focusing on advancing racial equity. Individual legislators and the governor are graded on their support for bills to support education equity, health equity, economic and wealth equity, civil rights and criminal justice, and American Indian Tribal Sovereignty.   more info >

Diving Deeper: Understanding the Twin Cities Region’s Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Metropolitan Council, April 2016, 18 pp.
This is a series of reports examining the role that a range of demographic differences play in outcomes for white residents and residents of color in the region. The findings showed that even when holding equal the factors of age, immigrant status and English skills, along with other factors such as educational attainment, significant disparities between white residents and residents of color remained.   more info >

Child Poverty Higher and More Persistent in Rural America
Carsey School of Public Policy, University of New Hampshire, February 2016, 8 pp.
This brief looks at the incidence of high child poverty over the past three decades and at the places where such high child poverty has persisted for all of those decade. It shows that the incidence of high child poverty is growing nationwide and that rural America includes a disproportionate share of children living in poverty.   more info >

The Economic Status of Minnesotans: A Chartbook with Data for 17 Cultural Groups
Minnesota State Demographic Center, January 2016, 61 pp.
This chartbook provides a statistical portrait of the economic status of Minnesotans—including much data that has never been seen before—for the 17 largest cultural groups in Minnesota. These data result from responses by Minnesotans to the U.S. Census Bureau’s ongoing American Community Survey (ACS), the largest federal survey that produces insights into economic, social, housing, and demographic characteristics.   more info >

Later Retirement, Inequality in Old Age, and the Growing Gap in Longevity Between Rich and Poor
Brookings Institute, October 2015, 174 pp.
Explores the gap between lifetime Social Security benefits received by poor and less educated workers and the benefits received by high-income and well educated workers, which is widening in favor of higher income workers.   more info >

Although Child Poverty Declined in 2014, Persistent Racial and Ethnic Disadvantages Remain
Carsey School of Public Policy, September 2015, 6 pp.
Poverty data from the American Community Survey were released on September 17, 2015, allowing a detailed examination of poverty in 2014 across the United States. This brief discusses changes in child poverty between 2013 and 2014 and since 2009, just after the Great Recession ended.   more info >

Areas of Concentrated Poverty in the Twin Cities Region
Metropolitan Council, June 2015, 8 pp.
This report identifies geographic areas of concentrated poverty in the Twin Cities region, including information about demographics and changes over time.   more info >

Widening Inequality in Minnesota: A County-by-County Analysis
Growth and Justice, May 2015, 20 pp.
Report describes varying inequality throughout the state of Minnesota by county and region.   more info >

The Changing Face of the Heartland: Preparing America's Diverse Workforce for Tomorrow
The Brookings Institution, March 2015
This Brookings Essay highlights the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region in a discussion of how metropolitan areas are preparing a more diverse workforce and how those efforts could potentially give the U.S. a competitive advantage in the 21st century economy. The essay discusses the efforts of organizations that are working to close education and employment gaps in the Twin Cities region.   more info >

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2014, 52 pp.
Presents the Race for Results Index, a collection of data presented by racial and ethnic groups and by state. Indicators address early childhood, academic achievement, teen parenting, higher education, and family characteristics.   more info >

Children in Poverty: Indicators on Children and Youth
Child Trends Data Bank, September 2014, 17 pp.
Describes trends in child poverty with particular emphasis on differences by age, race and Hispanic origin, and family structure.   more info >

Prosperity Imbalanced: The Twin Cities Metropolitan Area in 2013
Metropolitan Council, September 2014, 8 pp.
Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau based on household surveys collected throughout 2013, this report illustrates the racial and ethnic disparities in socioeconomic outcomes in the Twin Cities metropolitan area.   more info >

Status of Women and Girls in Minnesota: Research Overview
Women's Foundation of Minnesota and Center on Women & Public Policy, June 2014, 20 pp.
Biennial report that provides health, safety, economic and leadership data on women and girls in Minnesota.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, April 2014
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children
National Center for Children in Poverty, February 2014, 8 pp.
This annual report presents statistics on the number and characteristics of children living in low-income families in the United States. Reports are broken down into age ranges.   more info >

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, January 2014
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment
Metropolitan Council, January 2014
Information and data about diversity and equity in the Twin Cities. Looks at areas of concentrated poverty and indicators of opportunity.   more info >

Race and Retirement Insecurity in the United States
National Institute on Retirement Security, December 2013, 22 pp.
Examines racial disparities in retirement readiness.   more info >

Unemployment Disparity in Minnesota
State Advisory Committees to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, December 2013, 105 pp.
In-depth look at unemployment disparities in Minnesota.   more info >

The Twin Cities in 2012: An Uneven Recovery
Metropolitan Council, September 2013, 6 pp.
An economic profile of the Twin Cities based on data from the Census Bureau's 2012 American Community Survey.   more info >

Workforce Equity for a Competitive Economy - Meeting in the Marketplace
Growth & Justice, August 2013, 10 pp.
Discusses what employers and sectors can do to ensure employment opportunities are more equitable.   more info >

Widening Economic Inequality in Minnesota: Causes, Effects, and a Proposal for Estimating its Impact in Policymaking
Growth & Justice, August 2013, 15 pp.
Looks at income inequality in Minnesota and the United States. Presents data, discusses the impact of inequality on the economy and society, and explores the causes of inequality.   more info >

Less Than Equal: Racial Disparities in Wealth Accumulation
Urban Institute, April 2013, 6 pp.
Discusses the racial wealth gap and how it affects opportunity.   more info >

Wilder Research, November 2012, 64 pp.
A look at disparities in education, economic vitality, and social capital indicators for the city of Minneapolis, commissioned by The Minneapolis Foundation.   more info >

Over Sixteen Million Children in Poverty in 2011
The Carsey Institute, September 2012, 8 pp.
Child poverty data from the American Community Survey. Data are presented for the United States, regions, and states.   more info >

African-American babies
Wilder Research, July 2012, 8 pp.
A 2011 report provides a snapshot of the status of African-American babies relative to other babies in St. Paul and Minneapolis. A 2012 report presents the results of community conversations about raising strong and healthy children.   more info >

The Harrison neighborhood: How a community becomes marginalized
Alliance for Metropolitan Stability, April 2012, 6 pp.
Part of a series of Race and Regionalism papers. This paper shows how a series of policy decisions have created systemic barriers to opportunity for people of color in the Harrison neighborhood of North Minneapolis.
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No Relief in 2012 from High Unemployment for African Americans and Latinos
Economic Policy Institute, February 2012, 8 pp.
This issue brief reviews the unemployment rates by state for whites, Latinos, and African Americans for the third quarter of 2011 and the projected rates for the fourth quarter of 2012.   more info >

Women's earnings in Minnesota - 2013
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, November 2011, 7 pp.
This report contains information on women's earning in Minnesota. It is taken from a larger report presenting earnings data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a national monthly survey of approximately 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.   more info >

The Re-emergence of Concentrated Poverty: Metropolitan Trends in the 2000s
Brookings Institution, November 2011, 35 pp.
This study examines 100 metro areas and finds that the number of extreme-poverty census tracts, where poverty rates exceed 40%, rose by one-third over the past decade. The Minneapolis-St. Paul metro area saw a 2.7% increase in share of the poor population in extreme-poverty tracts.   more info >

High black unemployment widespread across nation's metropolitan areas
Economic Policy Institute, October 2011, 8 pp.
This report compares black unemployment rates before and after the recent economic downturn, finding that many metropolitan areas current have rates of over 20 percent, black unemployment rates of over 20 percent, comparable to the peak national unemployment rates during the Great Depression of the 1930s.   more info >

Everybody in: A report to reduce racial employment disparities in the Ramsey County Metropolitan Area
Blue Ribbon Commission Reducing Racial Employment Disparities, September 2011, 68 pp.
Strategies to reduce racial employment disparities in Ramsey County Metropolitan Area.   more info >

Wealth gaps rise to record highs between Whites, Blacks and Hispanics
Pew Research Center, July 2011, 39 pp.
Economic analysis for this report revealed that the median wealth of white households is 20 times that of black households and 18 times that of Hispanic households. This report also examines economic trends, net worth by type of asset and the geography of the housing downturn.   more info >

Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-being
U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration, March 2011, 97 pp.
This report provides a statistical picture of women in America in five critical areas: demographic and family changes, education, employment, health, and crime and violence.   more info >

14 Solutions that expand job and economic opportunity, and reduce Minnesota's disparities
Organizing Apprenticeship Project, December 2010, 16 pp.
This policy brief offers solutions that expand opportunity, reduce Minnesota's racial, gender and economic disparities, and highlights equity implications of the most pressing policy issues.   more info >

Uneven pain: Unemployment by metropolitan area and race
Economic Policy Institute, June 2010, 11 pp.
Details the variation in unemployment across the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The Twin Cities metropolitan area has the highest black-white unemployment ratio, with the black unemployment rate three times that of the white rate.   more info >

Policies that Strengthen Fatherhood and Family Relationships: What Do We Know, and What Do We Need to Know?
MDRC, April 2010, 45 pp.
Widening gaps in fathers’ involvement in parenting and in the quality and stability of parents’ relationships may reinforce disparities in outcomes for the next generation. This paper reviews evidence about the effectiveness of two strategies to strengthen fathers’ involvement and family relationships.   more info >

U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000
Population Reference Bureau, February 2010, 20 pp.
Presents social and economic data from the American Community Survey.   more info >

American Indians and the great recession: Economic disparities growing larger
Economic Policy Institute, December 2009, 8 pp.
American Indian workers suffered recession-level rates of unemployment long before the current recession began. This issue brief examines the increasing gap between American-Indian and white unemployment rates, both nationally and regionally.   more info >

Increasing the number of children whose parents have stable employment
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 16 pp.
This indicator brief outlines eight broad strategies for workforce development that are rooted in lessons learned from recent practice and research.   more info >

Neighborhoods and the Black-White Mobility Gap
Economic Mobility Project - The Pew Charitable Trusts, July 2009, 42 pp.
Explores the impact of neighborhood poverty rates on future earnings.The report examines whether neighborhood poverty in childhood impacts the ability of both black and white adults to move up or down the income ladder relative to their parents and provides an overview of the policy implications.   more info >

Commission to End Poverty in Minnesota by 2020, Legislative Report
Legislative Commission to End Poverty in Minnesota by 2020, January 2009, 72 pp.
The Commission's final report of research results. In addition to including the Commission's recommendations for ending poverty in Minnesota by 2020, it includes: the case for ending poverty in Minnesota, key elements that determine poverty, what economists and other experts are saying about workforce trends, ideas for implementing the recommendations, and special sections on economic disparities and the connection between health care and poverty.   more info >

Income Distribution Trends in Minnesota
MInnesota State Demographic Center, May 2007, 19 pp.
This report employs several widely-used measures to show trends in economic inequality in the United States and Minnesota.  In doing so, it establishes benchmarks for tracking future changes in poverty, income and income distribution.   more info >

State Policy Options to Encourage Asset Development for Low-Income Families
NGA Center for Best Practices, February 2006, 17 pp.
Suggests a range of strategies for policymakers to help promote savings and increase income levels among low-income individuals and families.   more info >

Mind the gap: Reducing disparities to improve regional competitiveness in the Twin Cities
Brookings Institution, October 2005, 44 pp.
A look at race, class, and place disparities in the Twin Cities and why reducing them is important to build a more competitive workforce, bring more money into the region, and make the region stronger and more competitive. Also presents a policy framework for reducing disparities.   more info >

Poverty Experience of Older Persons: A poverty Study from a Long-Term Perspective
AARP, February 2003, 28 pp.
Focuses on long-term poverty for older persons, specifically on the following questions: 1) "Are older persons more or less likely than younger persons to fall into poverty for a long period, and 2) are older persons more or less likely than younger persons to escape poverty after they become poor?"   more info >

Web sites

Food Shelf Visits 2015
Data on food shelf visits in Minnesota by county and population type.   more info >

Economic Policy Institute
Focuses on the economic condition of low- and middle-income Americans and their families. Includes issue guides on the following topics: living wage, minimum wage, poverty and family budgets, retirement security, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and welfare.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

Peer City Idenfication Tool
Peer cities are cities that are experiencing similar trends or challenges. Identifying a a peer city can give needed context to policymakers and practitioners. This tool is a data comparison and visualization instrument that draws on city-level indicators from the American Community Survey and historical Decennial Census records to identify groups of similar cities along economic, demographic, social, and housing dimensions.   more info >

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