Reports: Education

2020 Census Faces Challenges in Rural America
Carsey School of Public Policy, December 2017, 8 pp.
The 2020 Census will have ramifications for every person in the United States, and there are challenges that will make some rural areas and populations difficult to enumerate accurately. This brief identifies rural areas where special outreach and operations will be needed to get a complete and accurate count. It also addresses key Census-related issues that will be important for rural leaders to monitor between now and April 1, 2020.   more info >

The Condition of Education 2017
National Center for Education Statistics, May 2017, 386 pp.
Annual report that summarizes trends in education. Indicators include educational attainment, earnings and unemployment rates by educational attainment, families living in poverty, early childhood education participation, English language learners, children and youth with disabilities, and postsecondary enrollment.   more info >

Mass Incarceration and Children’s Outcomes: Criminal Justice Policy is Education Policy
Economic Policy Institute, December 2016
As many as one in ten African American students has an incarcerated parent. This report reviews studies from many disciplines showing that parental incarceration leads to an array of cognitive and noncognitive outcomes known to affect children's performance in school, and suggests that the American criminal justice system contributes to the racial achievement gap.   more info >

Minnesota Legislative Report Card on Racial Equity
Voices for Racial Justice, July 2016, 64 pp.
Annual report  that looks at the previous Minnesota legislative session, focusing on advancing racial equity. Individual legislators and the governor are graded on their support for bills to support education equity, health equity, economic and wealth equity, civil rights and criminal justice, and American Indian Tribal Sovereignty.   more info >

Chronic Absenteeism in the Nation's Schools
United States Department of Education, June 2016
Students who are chronically absent—meaning they miss at least 15 days of school in a year—are at serious risk of falling behind in school. Yet, few states report information about chronic absenteeism. New data illuminates the extent of chronic absenteeism, providing information about who is chronically absent, at what grade levels chronic absenteeism tends to occur, and how chronic absenteeism compares community-by-community and state-by-state.   more info >

Diving Deeper: Understanding the Twin Cities Region’s Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Metropolitan Council, April 2016, 18 pp.
This is a series of reports examining the role that a range of demographic differences play in outcomes for white residents and residents of color in the region. The findings showed that even when holding equal the factors of age, immigrant status and English skills, along with other factors such as educational attainment, significant disparities between white residents and residents of color remained.   more info >

State of Students of Color and American Indian Students Report - 2016
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, February 2016, 68 pp.
Provides data on students of color and American Indian students in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities. The executive summary includes information on trends and identifies areas of concern.   more info >

Discretion and Disproportionality: Explaining the Underrepresentation of High-Achieving Students of Color in Gifted Programs
American Educational Research Association, January 2016, 25 pp.
Students of color are underrepresented in gifted programs relative to White students, but the reasons for this underrepresentation are poorly understood. This report investigate the predictors of gifted assignment using nationally representative, longitudinal data on elementary students.   more info >

Family Disadvantage and the Gender Gap in Behavioral and Educational Outcomes
Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, October 2015, 71 pp.
A look at the relationship between family environment, gender, and race and impacts on educational achievement and behavior outcomes.   more info >

Measuring Up: Educational Improvement & Opportunity in 50 Cities
Center on Reinventing Public Education, October 2015, 55 pp.
This report provides a resource for understanding the state of urban public schools in the U.S. by measuring outcomes for all public schools (including both traditional district and charter schools) based on test scores and non-test indicators, in 50 mid- and large-sized cities. The report uses nine indicators to examine how well each city's schools are doing overall and how well they are doing for students from low-income households and students of color.   more info >

The Opportunity Gap–Defined: A Supply-and-Demand Analysis of Student Access to High-performing Schools in Minneapolis
IFF, August 2015, 98 pp.
This report identifies the top 11 neighborhoods in Minneapolis with the greatest need for high-performing seats in grades K-12. The report, which evaluates the city’s 99 public district and public charter schools with Multiple Measurement Ratings scores, outlines the need for about 30,000 seats in quality schools.   more info >

Course, Counselor, and Teacher Gaps: Addressing the College Readiness Challenge in High-Poverty High Schools
The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), June 2015, 17 pp.
This report analyzes the nation's 100 largest school districts and identifies major gaps in school resources and their impact on youth.   more info >

Cradle to K Cabinet Plan to Address Early Childhood Disparities in Minneapolis
City of Minneapolis, May 2015, 42 pp.
Outlines a plan to improve achievement and lives of children of color by focusing on their early health and education. The focus is on children prenatal through age three. Goals areas outlined in the plan include a healthy start rich early experiences, stable housing, and high quality child care.   more info >

The Changing Face of the Heartland: Preparing America's Diverse Workforce for Tomorrow
The Brookings Institution, March 2015
This Brookings Essay highlights the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region in a discussion of how metropolitan areas are preparing a more diverse workforce and how those efforts could potentially give the U.S. a competitive advantage in the 21st century economy. The essay discusses the efforts of organizations that are working to close education and employment gaps in the Twin Cities region.   more info >

Are We Closing the School Discipline Gap?
The Center for Civil Rights Remedies, The Civil Rights Project, February 2015, 50 pp.
This report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups.   more info >

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2014, 52 pp.
Presents the Race for Results Index, a collection of data presented by racial and ethnic groups and by state. Indicators address early childhood, academic achievement, teen parenting, higher education, and family characteristics.   more info >

Prosperity Imbalanced: The Twin Cities Metropolitan Area in 2013
Metropolitan Council, September 2014, 8 pp.
Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau based on household surveys collected throughout 2013, this report illustrates the racial and ethnic disparities in socioeconomic outcomes in the Twin Cities metropolitan area.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, April 2014
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Discipline Disparities Series
Indiana University, March 2014
Series of research papers on disparities in the use of school discipline. They address policy, practice, and research summarizing the state of knowledge and offer evidence-based recommendations for reducing disparities.   more info >

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, January 2014
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment
Metropolitan Council, January 2014
Information and data about diversity and equity in the Twin Cities. Looks at areas of concentrated poverty and indicators of opportunity.   more info >

STEM in Minnesota: Education and Workforce Disparities by Race/Ethnicity, Income, and Gender
Wilder Research, January 2014
Research papers that augment STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) information on the Minnesota Compass website. They present data and strategies for addressing racial, income, and gender gaps in STEM achievement, college readiness, interest, degree completion, and workforce participation.   more info >

Unemployment Disparity in Minnesota
State Advisory Committees to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, December 2013, 105 pp.
In-depth look at unemployment disparities in Minnesota.   more info >

Diverse Children: Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration in America's New Non-Majority Generation
Foundation for Child Development, July 2013, 37 pp.
This report examines the significant disparities in the education, economic well-being, and health of children in the U.S. based on their race-ethnicity and whether or not their parents are immigrants. It includes detailed policy recommendations for improving the lives and well-being of children, especially those most at risk.   more info >

Wilder Research, November 2012, 64 pp.
A look at disparities in education, economic vitality, and social capital indicators for the city of Minneapolis, commissioned by The Minneapolis Foundation.   more info >

Beginning Teachers are More Common in Rural, High-Poverty, and Racially Diverse Schools
Carsey Institute, July 2012, 6 pp.
This report finds that poor communities have moderately higher percentages of beginning teachers than communities with lower poverty rates and that a higher concentration of minority students in a district is associated with a higher percentage of beginning teachers. The combined impact of poverty, race, and urbanicity has a substantial effect on the probability that a district has a critically high percentage of beginning teachers, indicating a high turnover rate and possible issues of quality.   more info >

Mathematics Achievement Gaps Between Suburban Students and Their Rural and Urban Peers Increase Over Time
Carsey Institute, June 2012, 8 pp.
Examines whether school attendance in a rural, urban, or suburban community is related to math achievement and whether that changes over time. The brief also reviews achievement differences by region of the United States, racial and ethnic group, and family socioeconomic status.   more info >

Housing Costs, Zoning, and Access to High-Scoring Schools
Brookings Institution, April 2012, 31 pp.
Looks at the relationship between housing market regulations and housing costs near high- and low-scoring schools.  Presents data on the restrictiveness of zoning restrictions, economic segregation, housing cost gaps, and test score gaps for national metropolitan areas, including the Twin Cities.   more info >

Increasing Access to Full-Day K
Children's Defense Fund, April 2012, 4 pp.
Offers support for full-day kindergarten as a way to increase learning and close the achievement gap.   more info >

Asian Pacific students in Minnesota: Facts, not fiction
Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans, March 2012, 46 pp.
Minnesota achievement test data for Asian Pacific students by language spoken at home, ethnicity, income level, English proficiency, and mobility.   more info >

A crisis in our community: Closing the five education gaps
African American Leadership Forum, September 2011, 28 pp.
This report outlines five gaps in educational achievement for African American children in Minnesota--preparation, belief, time, teaching, and leadership -- and a plan for closing those gaps.   more info >

Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-being
U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration, March 2011, 97 pp.
This report provides a statistical picture of women in America in five critical areas: demographic and family changes, education, employment, health, and crime and violence.   more info >

Building a grad nation: Progress and challenge in ending the high school dropout epidemic
America's Promise Alliance, November 2010, 88 pp.
This report shows how some states and school districts are raising their high school graduation rates with scalable solutions in public schools, revealing that more than half of all states increased their statewide graduation rate from 2002 to 2008.   more info >

Big ideas: Game-changers for Children
First Focus, September 2010, 150 pp.
In an effort to generate new and innovative ideas to improve child well-being in the United States, First Focus called upon policy thinkers to provide game-changing proposals designed to advance federal children's policy.   more info >

Segregation and exposure to high-poverty schools in large metropolitan areas: 2008-09
Harvard School of Public Health, September 2010, 23 pp.
Ranks racial/ethnic segregation and exposure to high-poverty schools for public, primary school students in the 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas. The findings reveal that black and Hispanic children attend very different schools than do white children and are disproportionately concentrated in high-poverty schools.   more info >

Change in income by education level, by race in Minnesota
The Minnesota Private College Council, Fund and Research Foundation, July 2010, 11 pp.
This brief examines income in Minnesota by race/ethnicity for each level of education attained, and illustrates income premiums for each level of education over a high school credential. It also compares income by age for each level of education, to show earning power over time.   more info >

Early warning: Why reading by the end of third grade matters
Annie E. Casey Foundation, April 2010, 62 pp.
Disparities in reading achievement persist across racial and ethnic groups. This report examines the failure of many children in American, particularly low-income children, to reach the “proficient” level in reading by fourth grade. It explores factors that undermine grade-level reading proficiency and offers recommendations for improvement.   more info >

U.S. Economic and Social Trends Since 2000
Population Reference Bureau, February 2010, 20 pp.
Presents social and economic data from the American Community Survey.   more info >

Education Watch State Report: Minnesota
Education Trust, April 2009, 8 pp.
This report, part of a national series, provides an overview of Minnesota's student population, the levels of achievement in reading and mathematics, and high school and college graduation rates.   more info >

Enrollment patterns of students from low-income families
Minnesota Office of Higher Education, October 2008, 50 pp.
Provides information about recent trends and practices for meeting the needs of postsecondary students in Minnesota who are from low-income families. The report includes data on enrollment, persistence, and degree attainment, tuition and financial aid, programs available from public and private institutions, and identifies areas for further study.   more info >

Connections: Educational disparities: Communities
Children, Youth, and Family Consortium, University of Minnesota, September 2007
This newsletter contains articles on how the faith community can be involved in addressing educational disparities and why reducing educational disparities matters to business.   more info >

America's perfect storm: Three forces changing out nation's future
Educational Testing Service, January 2007, 34 pp.
A look at the convergence of three powerful sociological and economical forces that are changing our nation's future: substantial disparities in skill levels (reading and math), seismic economic changes (widening wage gaps), and sweeping demographic shifts (less education, lower skills). The authors conclude there's little chance that economic opportunities will improve among key segments of our population if we follow our current path.   more info >

Tackling the achievement gap head on
Wilder Research, October 2006, 32 pp.
A discussion of factors contributing to the achievement gap and strategies for addressing it. Also looks at the achievement gap in St. Paul Public Schools and the Wilder Foundation's work in the school success area.   more info >

Meeting five critical challenges of high school reform
mdrc, May 2006, 89 pp.
This is the first in a series of reports summarizing and synthesizing what has been learned from rigorous and large-scale evaluations of high school reform initiatives. It discusses three  initiatives — Career Academies, and Talent Development — that have grappled with the challenges of improving low-performing urban and rural schools.   more info >

Diplomas count: Minnesota, November 2005, 5 pp.
Provides demographic and graduation rate comparisons between Minnesota and the nation as a whole. Also includes a short Minnesota state policy overview.   more info >

The state of students of color 2006
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, November 2005, 89 pp.
Provides data on students of color in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities. Also includes a discussion of factors and programs contributing to higher education attendance.   more info >

Mind the gap: Reducing disparities to improve regional competitiveness in the Twin Cities
Brookings Institution, October 2005, 44 pp.
A look at race, class, and place disparities in the Twin Cities and why reducing them is important to build a more competitive workforce, bring more money into the region, and make the region stronger and more competitive. Also presents a policy framework for reducing disparities.   more info >

School readiness: Closing racial and ethnic gaps
Princeton University, Brookings Institution, April 2005, 196 pp.
Discusses multiple factors that may contribute to racial/ethnic gaps in school readiness.   more info >

Guides for the journey : supporting high-risk youth with paid mentors and counselors
Public/Private Ventures, May 2004, 18 pp.
Explores the potential of a novel and emerging approach to increasing the level and quality of adult involvement with high-risk youth using paid mentor-counselors.   more info >

From the prison track to the college track : pathways to postsecondary success for out-of-school youth
Jobs for the Future, March 2004, 20 pp.
Focuses on four types of learning environments that appear to hold particular promise for vulnerable and potentially disconnected youth: reinvented high schools, secondary/postsecondary blends, education/employment blends, and extended learning opportunities.   more info >

Who graduates? Who doesn't? A statistical portrait of public high school graduation, class of 2001
Urban Institute, February 2004, 93 pp.
Provides public school graduation rates by state and region and for the United States as a whole. Includes rates for specific racial and ethnic groups, by gender, and for particular types of school districts. Also discusses methods of determining graduation rates.   more info >

Losing our future: How minority youth are being left behind by the graduation rate crisis
Civil Rights Project at Harvard University, Urban Institute, Advocates for Children of New York, The Civil Society Institute, November 2003, 93 pp.
Focuses on answering how deep and widespread are the racial disparities that exist at the state and district levels? According to the authors, they use a more accurate method of calculating graduation rates than what is normally used.   more info >

Closing the gap: High achievement for students of color
American Educational Research Association, November 2003, 4 pp.
Promising practices for reducing the achievement gap.   more info >

Ensuring education equality : understanding the achievement gap in Kentucky's public school system
Kentucky Commission on Human Rights, August 2003, 62 pp.
This research report exposes trends related to student achievement gaps among minority students, male students, students from low-income families, students with disabilities, and students with low English proficiency in Kentucky's public schools. Following a case study methodology, it analyzes the performance levels of these student sub-populations and presents research findings. It identifies best practices in closing student achievement gaps, and presents quantitative data from gap analyses and qualitative data from discussions with school officials.   more info >

It Takes More Than Testing: Closing the Achievement Gap
Center on Education Policy, April 2001, 47 pp.
Provides educational stakeholders with information about how to close the achievement gap in education. Includes background information, analyzes the nature and extent of the achievement gap, and outlines leading strategies for closing it.   more info >

Add it up: Using research to improve education for low-income and minority students
Poverty & Race Research Action Council, November 2000, 61 pp.
Explains "how low-performing schools can become high-achieving ones." Provides proven strategies and policies regarding early childhood education, parent involvement, quality teaching, using assessment, and more.   more info >

The state of students of color 2001
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, November -0001, 50 pp.
Provides a comprehensive view of the educational experiences of students of color in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities.   more info >

Web sites
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

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