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Risk, Reach, and Resilience

Maltreatment reports filed

In 2016, 38 in 1,000 children under age 5 in Minnesota had a maltreatment report filed during the year, including family assessments, family investigations, and facility investigations. Child maltreatment includes physical, emotional, and sexual abuse as well as neglect by a parent, caregiver, or another person in a custodial role. Extreme stress related to various forms of trauma can disrupt early development of the brain as well as nervous and immune systems, placing children at risk for poor physical and mental health outcomes across the lifespan.


Although children of all ages can be victims of maltreatment, infants and young children are particularly vulnerable. Children under age 4 years are at greatest risk for severe injury and death from abuse, and disproportionately experience extreme neglect compared with older children.