In 2013, 25 in 1,000 children under age 5 in Minnesota had a maltreatment report filed during the year. Child maltreatment includes physical, emotional, and sexual abuse as well as neglect by a parent or person in a custodial role. Children under age 4 years are at greatest risk for severe injury and death from abuse, and disproportionately experience extreme neglect compared with older children. Extreme stress related to various forms of trauma can disrupt early development of the brain as well as nervous and immune systems, placing children at risk for poor physical and mental health outcomes across the lifespan.
Minnesota Early Childhood Risk and Reach was developed by the University of Minnesota (Harris Training Programs in the Center for Early Education and Development) and Wilder Research in partnership with the Minnesota Departments of Education, Health, and Human Services.
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