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Risk, Reach, and Resilience

Prenatal care

In 2016, an estimated 21 percent of births in Minnesota lacked adequate prenatal care, placing those infants at higher health risk. Inadequate prenatal care poses risks for both mother and child and has been linked to increased rates of infant morbidity and mortality. Nationally, American Indian women are less likely to receive adequate prenatal care.


Prenatal care
Ongoing appointments with a health care provider throughout pregnancy provide an opportunity to educate an expectant mother about anything that might alter the normal development of her fetus, including substance use. These appointments also facilitate early detection of potentially harmful complications in both mother and offspring, such as high blood pressure or fetal abnormalities.