Reports: Other Economy

Full-Time Employment Not Always a Ticket to Health Insurance
Carsey Institute, March 2018, 6 pp.
Employment does not necessarily lead to health coverage for lower-income workers in the same way it typically does for higher income workers. This brief documents differences in health insurance coverage by workers’ income, and explores who is eligible for an employer-based plan, who enrolls in those plans, and the reasons why workers choose not to enroll.   more info >

Immigration and the Economy
Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development, December 2017, 6 pp.
This report describes labor force projections and the role of immigration in Minnesota's economy.   more info >

Climate Change and Its Impact on Infrastructure Systems in the Midwest
Midwest Economic Policy Institute, October 2017, 10 pp.
This study examines how climate change will negatively impact transportation and infrastructure systems across the Midwest. It offers information for policymakers regarding the potential costs and consequences of climate change, and recommends actions to protect communities and the economy.   more info >

Financial Causes and Consequences of Child Maltreatment
Institute for Research on Poverty, May 2017, 2 pp.
Child maltreatment happens in all kinds of families, but low income is the most consistent predictor. New research goes beyond association to reveal a causal relationship between poverty and child maltreatment, showing that poverty exists as both a cause and consequence of child abuse and neglect. This brief describes the latest statistics on child maltreatment as reported to child protective services (CPS) agencies and goes on to highlight these related findings.   more info >

Child Care Expenses Push Many Families Into Poverty
Carsey School of Public Policy, May 2017, 2 pp.
This fact sheet uses the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) to assess the extent to which child care expenses are pushing families with young children into poverty.   more info >

NCAR Arts Vibrancy Index III: Hotbeds of America's Arts and Culture
National Center for Arts Research, April 2017, 33 pp.
The 2017 NCAR Arts Vibrancy Index ranks the most vibrant arts cities in America. NCAR provides scores for every U.S. county based on measures of arts dollars, arts providers, government support, and socioeconomic and other leisure characteristics.   more info >

Rural America at a Glance: 2016 Edition
United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, November 2016, 6 pp.
This report highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas, focusing on the U.S. rural economy, including employment, population, poverty, and income trends.   more info >

Overall Declines in Child Poverty Mask Relatively Stable Rates Across States
Carsey School of Public Policy, September 2016, 4 pp.
This report uses Census data to examine child poverty rates. From 2014 and 2015, child poverty declined nationwide across rural areas, suburbs and cities. However, nationwide child poverty rates are still higher than they were in 2009, at the end of the Great Recession.   more info >

Creativity Connects: Trends and Conditions Affecting U.S. Artists
Center for Cultural Innovation, September 2016, 88 pp.
This report explores how the definition of an artist has evolved and identifies major trends influencing artists today, including: changes in technology and social media, challenging economic conditions, structural inequalities within the arts ecosystem, and training and funding systems that have not kept pace with the way artists are working today.   more info >

Refugee Integration in the United States
Center for American Progress, June 2016, 56 pp.
This report examines how refugee groups in the United States fare in the long run. It finds that over time, refugees integrate well into their new communities. After being in the United States for 10 years, refugees are in many regards similar to their U.S.-born neighbors, with similar rates of labor force participation and business ownership.   more info >

The Minneapolis Creative Index 2015: Understanding the Scale and Impact of Minneapolis' Creative Sector
City of Minneapolis’ program on Arts, Culture and Creative Economy, June 2016, 17 pp.
The Creative Vitality Index (CVI) is a tool that measures annual changes in the economic health of highly-creative industries using information about organizational revenue, jobs, and other measures from creative businesses and nonprofits. A 2013 report is also available.   more info >

An Aging World: 2015
U.S. Census Bureau, March 2016, 175 pp.
Examines the challenges and global implications presented by the world's population aging at an unprecedented rate. This report looks at past, current, and projected numbers, proportions, and growth rates of older populations and summarizes socioeconomic statistics for both developed and developing nations.   more info >

What Comes First, People or Jobs: Evidence and Lessons for Indiana
Center for Business and Economic Research, Ball State University, January 2016, 7 pp.
This study examines population and employment growth in Indiana’s 92 counties in the decades of the 1970s and the 2000s to determine whether job attraction or people attraction is a larger factor in county population growth.   more info >

Later Retirement, Inequality in Old Age, and the Growing Gap in Longevity Between Rich and Poor
Brookings Institute, October 2015, 174 pp.
Explores the gap between lifetime Social Security benefits received by poor and less educated workers and the benefits received by high-income and well educated workers, which is widening in favor of higher income workers.   more info >

Families Continue to Rely on Wives As Breadwinners Post-Recession
Carsey School of Public Policy, July 2014, 11 pp.
This brief presents an analysis of the increased role employed wives played in family economic stability prior to, during, and after the Great Recession, focusing on changes in the contribution of employed wives’ earnings to family earnings by state, region, metropolitan areas, and nonmetro residence. The data in this brief come from the 1989−2013 Annual Social and Economic Supplements of the Current Population Survey.   more info >

Child and Well-Being Index
Foundation for Child Development, December 2013, 24 pp.
Annual report on the well-being of children in the U.S. Includes data on economic well-being, health, safe/risky behavior, educational attainment, community engagement, social relationships, and emotional/spiritual well-being.   more info >

Job Sprawl Stalls: The Great Recession and Metropolitan Employment Location
Brookings Institution, April 2013, 24 pp.
This brief assesses recent trends in employment location in 2000, 2007, and 2010, documenting the impact of the Great Recession on the geographic distribution of metropolitan jobs during the 2000s.   more info >

Unemployment Rates are Projected to Remain High for Whites, Latinos, and African Americans Throughout 2013
Economic Policy Institute, February 2013, 8 pp.
National unemployment forecast for 2013. Looks at unemployment rates of whites, Latinos, and African Americans nationally and by state.   more info >

Midwestern Higher Education Compact: Annual Report to the Member States, 2015-2016
Midwest Higher Education Compact, January 2013, 52 pp.
Annual report including performance indicators for postsecondary education in Minnesota, North Dakota, and other midwestern states. Includes data on rates of enrollment, degree completion, and state investments in postsecondary education.   more info >

Rural Minnesota Journal: Who lives in rural Minnesota, A region in transition
Center For Rural Policy and Development, December 2012
Journal that focuses on rural Minnesota. Includes articles that look at the demographic profile of rural Minnesota, rural volunteers, aging Baby Boomers, community leadership, philanthropy, and skills shortages and regional economies.   more info >

Higher education partnerships for prosperity
Itasca Project, July 2012, 32 pp.
The Itasca Higher Education Task Force brought together leaders from Minnesota’s higher education institutions and business community to identify strategies to build upon the strengths of our educational system and meet the challenges ahead, forming a four-part strategic vision for higher education in collaboration with businesses outlined in this report.   more info >

Results Minneapolis: NORTHnext Update 2012
City of Minneapolis, January 2012, 58 pp.
Focuses on changes in areas such as demographics, safety, youth development, economy and employment, physical environment and development in Minneapolis neighborhoods.   more info >

The High Quality of Life in Minnesota: Not Equally Shared by All
Minnesota Compass, December 2011, 2 pp.
In Minnesota, we take pride in our belief that all people have opportunities to become successful, but how well are we really doing? If you look at key statistics measuring our overall well-being, Minnesota ranks near the top in most categories. But dig a little deeper and you uncover glaring and persistent disparities.   more info >

Women's earnings in Minnesota - 2013
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, November 2011, 7 pp.
This report contains information on women's earning in Minnesota. It is taken from a larger report presenting earnings data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a national monthly survey of approximately 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.   more info >

High black unemployment widespread across nation's metropolitan areas
Economic Policy Institute, October 2011, 8 pp.
This report compares black unemployment rates before and after the recent economic downturn, finding that many metropolitan areas current have rates of over 20 percent, black unemployment rates of over 20 percent, comparable to the peak national unemployment rates during the Great Depression of the 1930s.   more info >

Quarterly Economic Pulse September 2011
Greater Twin Cities United Way and Twin Cities Compass, September 2011, 4 pp.
Provides information on economic trends impacting the Twin Cities region, including data on the unemployment rate, layoffs, housing, and community basic needs.   more info >

Bush Foundation Citizen Solutions Statewide Poll
Wilder Research, September 2011, 8 pp.
This poll was designed to better understand residents’ opinions about the Minnesota state budget crisis and government shutdown that occurred in July 2011, It found that most Minnesotans were dissatisfied with the process and result of the budget agreement.   more info >

Everybody in: A report to reduce racial employment disparities in the Ramsey County Metropolitan Area
Blue Ribbon Commission Reducing Racial Employment Disparities, September 2011, 68 pp.
Strategies to reduce racial employment disparities in Ramsey County Metropolitan Area.   more info >

Citizen Solutions: CItizen Perspectives on Minnesota's Long-term Budget
Bush Foundation, August 2011, 12 pp.
Results of citizen forums that brought together Minnesotans from many walks of life and political beliefs to foster new ideas for solving the state’s budget challenges.   more info >

Unemployment in the Great Recession: Single parents and men hit hard
Carsey Institute, July 2011, 6 pp.
This brief examines changes in unemployment patterns by sex, age, education, race and ethnicity, marital status, and parental status paying particular attention to differences by place of residence.   more info >

All hands on deck: Fifteen ideas for strengthening Minnesota's workforce: 2012 Policy advisory
Governor's Workforce Development Council, March 2011, 44 pp.
Presents 15 policy recommendations designed to improve Minnesota's education and training system and help meet the increasing demand for skilled workers. Recommendations fall in four areas: strengthening the skills of the current workforce, creating work and lifetime learning options for aging workers, expanding work opportunities for Minnesotans with disabilities, and ensuring all high school graduates are ready for success.   more info >

Beyond the Bottom Line: Ideas for the Future of Public Investment in Minnesota
March 2011, 53 pp.
Presents 16 ideas that could help Minnesota leaders redesign public services to maximize impact while saving money. This is a follow-up report to Bridges to a Better Bottom Line.   more info >

Voices of 50+ America: Dreams & Challenges
AARP, February 2011, 20 pp.
Results from surveys of Americans age 50+ that asked about their dreams and challenges for the future. Reports are available for each state.   more info >

Help wanted: Projections of jobs and education requirements through 2018
Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, June 2010, 122 pp.
Provides detailed national forecasts of educational demand from 2008 through 2018, including educational demand by education level, occupation, and industry. Minnesota is ranked among the top five states that will lead the nation in job openings requiring postsecondary education.   more info >

Uneven pain: Unemployment by metropolitan area and race
Economic Policy Institute, June 2010, 11 pp.
Details the variation in unemployment across the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The Twin Cities metropolitan area has the highest black-white unemployment ratio, with the black unemployment rate three times that of the white rate.   more info >

Evidence scan of work experience programs
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., May 2010, 38 pp.
This report presents evidence on the effectiveness of interventions that include work experience as a strategy to improve employment outcomes for people with barriers to employment. The report reviews 26 years of rigorous research gathering information from 27 evaluations. The author distinguishes between interventions targeting adults versus youth, paid versus unpaid work, and length of work opportunity.   more info >

Broadband adoption in low-income communities
Social Science Research Council, March 2010, 103 pp.
Analyzes the factors shaping low rates of home broadband adoption in low-income and other marginalized communities. The Twin Cities was one of the sites included in the research.   more info >

American Indians and the great recession: Economic disparities growing larger
Economic Policy Institute, December 2009, 8 pp.
American Indian workers suffered recession-level rates of unemployment long before the current recession began. This issue brief examines the increasing gap between American-Indian and white unemployment rates, both nationally and regionally.   more info >

Increasing the number of children whose parents have stable employment
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 16 pp.
This indicator brief outlines eight broad strategies for workforce development that are rooted in lessons learned from recent practice and research.   more info >

Reducing the number of disconnected youth
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 13 pp.
This brief outlines strategies to reduce the number of disconnected youth.   more info >

The geographic distribution and characteristics of older workers in Minnesota: 2004
U.S. Census Bureau, October 2008, 12 pp.
Shows the geographic distribution and the economic dynamics among private sector workers 55 and older, including comparisons among the counties and between metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas of Minnesota.   more info >

21st century skills, education and competitiveness
Partnership for 21st Century Skills, September 2008, 16 pp.
This report is aimed at policymakers and leaders in the business, education and workforce development communities. It provides guidance on shaping public education policies that will secure America's economic competitiveness, giving students the skills they need to succeed in a knowledge and information-based economy.   more info >

Why do so few women work in New York (and so many in Minneapolis)? Labor supply of married women across U.S. cities
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2008, 47 pp.
This study found that white married women in Minneapolis are more likely to work than white married women in any other major city. After looking at a variety of possible explanations, they found that cities that had large increases in average commuting times from 1980 through 2000 had slower growth in labor force participation.   more info >

Artists Count: An Economic Impact Study of Artists in Minnesota
Minnesota Citizens for the Arts, December 2007, 40 pp.
This study demonstrates the significant economic impact of artists and art organizations in Minnesota. It shows that  Minnesota’s individual artists, arts and culture organizations and for-profit arts industries create over over a billion dollars in annual economic activity for the state, and support over 86,340 jobs.   more info >

From getting by to getting ahead: Navigating career advancement for low-wage workers
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC), October 2007, 157 pp.
Demonstrates an approach to helping low wage workers and dislocated workers advance by strategically combining work development opportunities and work support resources.   more info >

Why we can't wait: A case for philanthropic action: Opportunities for improving life outcomes for African American males
Ford Foundation, January 2007, 81 pp.
An examination of programs, policies and services that impact the life outcomes of African-American males. The report is intended to serve as a springboard for ideas, strategies and programs that philanthropy professionals, nonprofit leaders and civil society can nurture to the point of outcomes that improve the quality of life for black men and boys.   more info >

Training low-income workers for skills and advancement: McKnight Foundation Families Forward evaluation
Wilder Research, September 2006, 134 pp.
An initiative of The McKnight Foundation to help low-wage working parents gain access to better jobs through training and education. The initiative was launched in September 2001 and ended in 2006. Reports prevent evaluation results, including findings about participants, their experiences combining training with work and family responsibilities, and their job outcomes. They also highlight findings about what it takes for providers to offer skill development programs that meet the needs of workers and employers.   more info >

State strategies for improving the employment outcomes of TANF and low-income families
NGA Center for Best Practices, July 2006, 18 pp.
Examines strategies that can help low-wage earners successfully advance in the job market and find jobs that can support families.   more info >

Economic impact of immigrants
Office of the Legislative Auditor, May 2006, 25 pp.
Summary of economic research on the impact of immigrants in Minnesota, including impacts on government costs and revenues. The report includes census data on Minnesota's immigrant population, a summary information available on the economic impact on immigrants and on U.S.-born workers, and the national and state level impacts of immigrants on public costs and revenues. The final section addresses the impacts of illegal immigrants.   more info >

A new approach to low-wage workers and employers: Launching the Work Advancement and Support Center demonstration
MDRC, February 2006, 62 pp.
Looks at the start-up experiences of two Work Advancement and Support Centers. The Centers provide services to help workers keep their jobs or find better ones and provide simplified access to programs intended to provide financial support to low-income workers.   more info >

Escaping low earnings : the role of employer characteristics and changes
National Poverty Center, April 2004, 38 pp.
Analyzes the extent to which escape from or entry into low earnings among adult workers is associated with changes in their employers and firm characteristics.   more info >

Workforce intermediaries and their roles in promoting advancement
Jobs for the Future, December 2003, 19 pp.
Workforce intermediaries help low-income individuals secure jobs and promote career advancement. This paper discusses the economic context for workforce intermediaries and describes their work.   more info >

Earning while learning : maintaining income while upgrading skills
Jobs for the Future, December 2003, 15 pp.
Looks at programs that allow low-wage workers learn new skills while maintaining an income. It identifies what works for programs and practices that encourage skill development by providing income and support services to those pursuing further education and training.   more info >

The next challenge: Advancement of low-skilled, low-wage workers
Jobs for the Future, December 2003, 12 pp.
An introduction to a series of reports on advancement for low-wage workers. Sections include: Why focus on advancement?, Issues in career advancement, and Strategies to promote advancement.   more info >

By design: Engaging employers in workforce development organizations
Public/Private Ventures, November 2003, 32 pp.
This report examines three workforce development organizations and the key principles for successfully engaging employers.   more info >

Opportunity in tough times: Promoting advancement for low-wage workers in a difficult economic environment
Jobs for the Future, August 2003, 22 pp.
Researchers interviewed state officials and practitioners to learn about local and state-level experience with promoting the advancement of low-wage workers. Sections include: Changes in the economic and fiscal landscape; Adapting strategies that support advancement; and Developing the infrastructure and redesigning funding for advancement.   more info >

Whose job is it? Creating opportunities for advancement
Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), May 2003, 35 pp.
Addresses the question, "What are the most effective ways to help low-wage workers advance?" Looks at the experiences of low-wage workers in the labor market, effective employment and training strategies, key elements of a job advancement strategy, the challenges in implementing these strategies, and policy suggestions.   more info >

Transitional jobs programs work
National Transitional Jobs Network|Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), February 2003, 2 pp.
Describes transitional jobs programs and their effectiveness. "Transitional jobs are short-term, publicly subsidized jobs that combine real work,skill development, and support services to help participants find and keep unsubsidized jobs."   more info >

Policy Matters: Setting and Measuring Benchmarks for State Policies: Improving the Economic Success of Families
Center for the Study of Social Policy, January 2003, 56 pp.
Discusses the importance of economic self-sufficiency as a measure of the economic success of low-income families, the obstacles that prevent families from achieving self-sufficiency, the role of public policy, a logic model that links policy to family economic success, and "policy options and preliminary benchmarks that research and practice evidence suggests will promote economic success among low-income families."   more info >

Transitional jobs: Stepping stones to unsubsidized employment
Mathematica Policy Research, March 2002, 94 pp.
In-depth study of six transitional work programs: "how they work, what it takes to implement them, how much they cost, and how successful they are."   more info >

Providing the missing link: A model for a neighborhood-focused employment program
Annie E. Casey Foundation, November 2001, 60 pp.
This report provides a model for a neighborhood-focused workforce development strategy.   more info >

States of change : Policies and programs to promote low-wage workers' steady employment and advancement
Public/Private Ventures, April 2001, 34 pp.
This report reviews the efforts of several states that have taken advantage of devolved federal authority and the flexibility of the welfare reform legislation to create new state policies and strategies to support low-income individuals as they work. The report includes information on: Opportunities for and key elements of supporting steady employment and job advancement for low-income workers, examples of state policies and programs that enable low-income workers to retain employment and advance on the job, the challenges of designing and implementing job retention and advancement strategies for low-income workers, and policy and program ideas for moving ahead.   more info >

Beyond work first: How to help hard-to-employ individuals get jobs and succeed in the workforce
MDRC, March 2001, 126 pp.
"This guide provides practical advice for designing and implementing programs to help hard-to-employ individuals succeed in the labor market." It provides a background description of the issue, the prevalence of barriers to employment, policy implications and general program strategies for working with hard-to-employ individuals, and suggestions for working with individuals who face specific barriers to employment, such as substance abuse, domestic violence, chronic health problems, criminal records, and more.   more info >

An Agenda for Reform: Competition, Community, Concentration
John Brandl and Vin Weber, November 1995, 34 pp.
Written decades ago in response to a looming financial crisis in the Minnesota state budget – due to federal budget cuts, increased demand for services and slower economic growth – this report advocates for fundamental changes in the way Minnesota delivers taxpayers' services.   more info >

Within our Means
Minnesota Planning, January 1995, 38 pp.
This report from 1995 examines strategies and offers recommendations for solving Minnesota’s looming budget crisis. It points out that economic conditions will become less favorable after 2010, when the proportion of Minnesotans of working age begins to decline and the dependent population, children and elderly people, proportionately increases. Areas of focus include: health care, education, justice, transportation, environment and local government.   more info >

Web sites

Promising Occupations Achievable for Low-Income Families Through Short-Term Education or Training
This report identifies promising occupations that are achievable for low-income workers after a relatively short-term investment in education or training. It is part of a project on family self-sufficiency and stability research. For each state, a table highlights promising occupations, listed from highest to lowest number of projected annual jobs.   more info >

Disrupting Inequality: A Living Cities Perspective in 2013
Founded in 1991, Living Cities is an innovative collaborative of 22 of the world's largest foundations and financial institutions. It works to to develop and scale new approaches for creating opportunities for low-income people and improving the cities where they live.   more info >

Minnesota Milestones 2011
This site uses 60 progress indicators to determine whether the state of Minnesota is achieving 19 publicly determined goals. The goals are grouped in four broad areas: People, Community and Democracy, Economy and Environment.   more info >

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