Reports: Achievement gap

America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2017, 228 pp.
Reports data on a set of indicators of child well-being. Indicators included are in the categories of family and social environment, economic categories, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education, and health. This is an annual report.   more info >

The Condition of Education 2017
National Center for Education Statistics, May 2017, 386 pp.
Annual report that summarizes trends in education. Indicators include educational attainment, earnings and unemployment rates by educational attainment, families living in poverty, early childhood education participation, English language learners, children and youth with disabilities, and postsecondary enrollment.   more info >

Northside Achievement Zone
Wilder Research, April 2017
The Northside Achievement Zone (NAZ) is a collaboration of community organizations whose mission is to build a culture of achievement in North Minneapolis to assure all youth graduate from high school college-ready. The evaluation includes community surveys, year-end reports, and a prospective return on investment study.   more info >

Mass Incarceration and Children’s Outcomes: Criminal Justice Policy is Education Policy
Economic Policy Institute, December 2016
As many as one in ten African American students has an incarcerated parent. This report reviews studies from many disciplines showing that parental incarceration leads to an array of cognitive and noncognitive outcomes known to affect children's performance in school, and suggests that the American criminal justice system contributes to the racial achievement gap.   more info >

Minnesota Legislative Report Card on Racial Equity
Voices for Racial Justice, July 2016, 64 pp.
Annual report  that looks at the previous Minnesota legislative session, focusing on advancing racial equity. Individual legislators and the governor are graded on their support for bills to support education equity, health equity, economic and wealth equity, civil rights and criminal justice, and American Indian Tribal Sovereignty.   more info >

State of Students of Color and American Indian Students Report - 2016
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, February 2016, 68 pp.
Provides data on students of color and American Indian students in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities. The executive summary includes information on trends and identifies areas of concern.   more info >

Family Disadvantage and the Gender Gap in Behavioral and Educational Outcomes
Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, October 2015, 71 pp.
A look at the relationship between family environment, gender, and race and impacts on educational achievement and behavior outcomes.   more info >

Measuring Up: Educational Improvement & Opportunity in 50 Cities
Center on Reinventing Public Education, October 2015, 55 pp.
This report provides a resource for understanding the state of urban public schools in the U.S. by measuring outcomes for all public schools (including both traditional district and charter schools) based on test scores and non-test indicators, in 50 mid- and large-sized cities. The report uses nine indicators to examine how well each city's schools are doing overall and how well they are doing for students from low-income households and students of color.   more info >

The Opportunity Gap–Defined: A Supply-and-Demand Analysis of Student Access to High-performing Schools in Minneapolis
IFF, August 2015, 98 pp.
This report identifies the top 11 neighborhoods in Minneapolis with the greatest need for high-performing seats in grades K-12. The report, which evaluates the city’s 99 public district and public charter schools with Multiple Measurement Ratings scores, outlines the need for about 30,000 seats in quality schools.   more info >

Course, Counselor, and Teacher Gaps: Addressing the College Readiness Challenge in High-Poverty High Schools
The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), June 2015, 17 pp.
This report analyzes the nation's 100 largest school districts and identifies major gaps in school resources and their impact on youth.   more info >

The Changing Face of the Heartland: Preparing America's Diverse Workforce for Tomorrow
The Brookings Institution, March 2015
This Brookings Essay highlights the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region in a discussion of how metropolitan areas are preparing a more diverse workforce and how those efforts could potentially give the U.S. a competitive advantage in the 21st century economy. The essay discusses the efforts of organizations that are working to close education and employment gaps in the Twin Cities region.   more info >

Are We Closing the School Discipline Gap?
The Center for Civil Rights Remedies, The Civil Rights Project, February 2015, 50 pp.
This report documents gross disparities in the use of out-of-school suspension experienced by students with disabilities and those from historically disadvantaged racial, ethnic, and gender subgroups.   more info >

The State of Minnesota Public Education, 2014
MinnCAN, January 2015
Annual report on the state of public schools in Minnesota. Highlights demographic information of students and teachers, pre-K access, charter school characteristics, test performance, opportunity gaps, college readiness, and graduation rates.   more info >

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2014, 52 pp.
Presents the Race for Results Index, a collection of data presented by racial and ethnic groups and by state. Indicators address early childhood, academic achievement, teen parenting, higher education, and family characteristics.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, April 2014
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Discipline Disparities Series
Indiana University, March 2014
Series of research papers on disparities in the use of school discipline. They address policy, practice, and research summarizing the state of knowledge and offer evidence-based recommendations for reducing disparities.   more info >

Road to Success: Tales of Great Schools
MinnCAN, February 2014, 23 pp.
Presents common themes and observations from a Minnesota listening tour designed to identify what is working in communities and schools to address achievement gaps.   more info >

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, January 2014
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

Fair Housing and Equity Assessment
Metropolitan Council, January 2014
Information and data about diversity and equity in the Twin Cities. Looks at areas of concentrated poverty and indicators of opportunity.   more info >

STEM in Minnesota: Education and Workforce Disparities by Race/Ethnicity, Income, and Gender
Wilder Research, January 2014
Research papers that augment STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) information on the Minnesota Compass website. They present data and strategies for addressing racial, income, and gender gaps in STEM achievement, college readiness, interest, degree completion, and workforce participation.   more info >

Findings and Recommendations of the Rapid Health Impact Assessment of School Integration Strategies in Minnesota
Human Impact Partners, ISAIAH, April 2013, 67 pp.
An evaluation of the projected health effects of a Minnesota Bill that addresses racial integration in Minnesota schools. Includes a review of the history of school integration and segregation in Minnesota, the impact of school integration on educational achievement, health, equity, and cross-racial connection.   more info >

Generation Next
Wilder Research, April 2013, 26 pp.
Generation Next is an initiative committed to closing the achievement gap among Twin Cities’ low-income students and students of color. It is a partnership of education, community, government, and business organizations dedicated to accelerating educational achievement for all our children – from early childhood to early college and career. Reports provide baseline data for Generation Next goals, strategies for improving student college and career readiness, an analysis of the local landscape of college and career readiness programming, views by local leaders on the strengths and gaps in local college and career readiness efforts, and effective strategies for early literacy intervention.   more info >

Opportunities and Challenges: The Education of Latinos in Minnesota
HACER, December 2012, 89 pp.
This report presents the results of research into factors that contribute to successful educational outcomes for Latino students in Minnesota high schools.   more info >

Wilder Research, November 2012, 64 pp.
A look at disparities in education, economic vitality, and social capital indicators for the city of Minneapolis, commissioned by The Minneapolis Foundation.   more info >

Mathematics Achievement Gaps Between Suburban Students and Their Rural and Urban Peers Increase Over Time
Carsey Institute, June 2012, 8 pp.
Examines whether school attendance in a rural, urban, or suburban community is related to math achievement and whether that changes over time. The brief also reviews achievement differences by region of the United States, racial and ethnic group, and family socioeconomic status.   more info >

Housing Costs, Zoning, and Access to High-Scoring Schools
Brookings Institution, April 2012, 31 pp.
Looks at the relationship between housing market regulations and housing costs near high- and low-scoring schools.  Presents data on the restrictiveness of zoning restrictions, economic segregation, housing cost gaps, and test score gaps for national metropolitan areas, including the Twin Cities.   more info >

Increasing Access to Full-Day K
Children's Defense Fund, April 2012, 4 pp.
Offers support for full-day kindergarten as a way to increase learning and close the achievement gap.   more info >

Asian Pacific students in Minnesota: Facts, not fiction
Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans, March 2012, 46 pp.
Minnesota achievement test data for Asian Pacific students by language spoken at home, ethnicity, income level, English proficiency, and mobility.   more info >

Helping At-Risk Students Succeed
American Psychological Association, February 2012, 2 pp.
Discusses a program model called "the enabling component" or "learning supports" that targets the psychosocial and educational barriers to student success.   more info >

A crisis in our community: Closing the five education gaps
African American Leadership Forum, September 2011, 28 pp.
This report outlines five gaps in educational achievement for African American children in Minnesota--preparation, belief, time, teaching, and leadership -- and a plan for closing those gaps.   more info >

Montgomery County School District's targeted approach raises the bar and reduces the gap
Growth & Justice, July 2011, 4 pp.
Success in the suburban school district of Maryland’s Montgomery County demonstrates how a sustained and multi-faceted effort to raise the academic bar and close gaps in learning can boost academic performance by students of color and increase it for white students as well.   more info >

Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation
The Annie E. Casey Foundation, April 2011, 15 pp.
This report finds that children who have lived in poverty and are not reading proficiently in 3rd grade are three times more likely to dropout or fail to graduate from high school than those who have never been poor.   more info >

Breaking barriers 2: Plotting the path away from juvenile detention and toward academic success for school-age African American males
Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, April 2011, 90 pp.
Summarizes the literature and analyzes survey responses from a spectrum of school-age black males to provide information and implications for policy and practice in the areas of reducing suspensions and disciplinary referrals, preventing delinquency, eliminating gang activity in schools, returning to school from juvenile detention, and reducing drug-related arrests.   more info >

Immigrant Children: The Future of Children Spring 2011
The Brookings Institution and Princeton University, March 2011, 270 pp.
Includes a variety of articles that look at the well-being of immigrant children and what can be done to improve their educational attainment, health, social and cognitive development, and long-term prospects for economic mobility.   more info >

Big ideas: Game-changers for Children
First Focus, September 2010, 150 pp.
In an effort to generate new and innovative ideas to improve child well-being in the United States, First Focus called upon policy thinkers to provide game-changing proposals designed to advance federal children's policy.   more info >

Segregation and exposure to high-poverty schools in large metropolitan areas: 2008-09
Harvard School of Public Health, September 2010, 23 pp.
Ranks racial/ethnic segregation and exposure to high-poverty schools for public, primary school students in the 100 largest U.S. metropolitan areas. The findings reveal that black and Hispanic children attend very different schools than do white children and are disproportionately concentrated in high-poverty schools.   more info >

Improving the education of Minnesota's students from pre-K through college: Measuring student progress and using data to drive decisions making
Center for Urban and Regional Affairs, August 2010, 8 pp.
Describes the results of two studies, the first examining how P-12 institutions in Minnesota use data-driven decision making and the second investigating how higher education institutions in Minnesota assess student-learning outcomes.This article appears in the Spring/Summer 2010 CURA Reporter.   more info >

Listening to new voices: Youth voices on staying in school & dropout prevention in Minnesota
The Konopka Institute and Minnesota Department of Education, June 2010, 14 pp.
Results of listening groups with middle and high school aged youth in Minnesota about why students dropout.   more info >

Education Watch State Report: Minnesota
Education Trust, April 2009, 8 pp.
This report, part of a national series, provides an overview of Minnesota's student population, the levels of achievement in reading and mathematics, and high school and college graduation rates.   more info >

Minnesota's future: World-class schools, world-class jobs
The Minnesota Business Partnership and The Itasca Project, February 2009, 18 pp.
Examines how Minnesota's education system compares with the best in the world and identifies four areas for improvement: improving traditional teacher preparation programs, recruiting top talent to teaching, providing leadership development for principals, and ensuring data is available and useful for continuous improvement.   more info >

Using Early-Warning Data to Improve Graduation Rates: Closing Cracks in the Education System
Alliance for Excellent Education, August 2008, 14 pp.
This brief describes the use of early-warning data and describes examples of U.S. efforts to use this data to guide school interventions.   more info >

Connections: Educational disparities: Communities
Children, Youth, and Family Consortium, University of Minnesota, September 2007
This newsletter contains articles on how the faith community can be involved in addressing educational disparities and why reducing educational disparities matters to business.   more info >

America's perfect storm: Three forces changing out nation's future
Educational Testing Service, January 2007, 34 pp.
A look at the convergence of three powerful sociological and economical forces that are changing our nation's future: substantial disparities in skill levels (reading and math), seismic economic changes (widening wage gaps), and sweeping demographic shifts (less education, lower skills). The authors conclude there's little chance that economic opportunities will improve among key segments of our population if we follow our current path.   more info >

Tackling the achievement gap head on
Wilder Research, October 2006, 32 pp.
A discussion of factors contributing to the achievement gap and strategies for addressing it. Also looks at the achievement gap in St. Paul Public Schools and the Wilder Foundation's work in the school success area.   more info >

Latino students in our schools: A closer look
The Center for Rural Policy and Development, September 2006, 40 pp.
This report was designed to examine the influence of a growing Latino enrollment in Minnesota’s public schools. While overall school enrollment numbers in Minnesota have declined, Latino enrollment has grown significantly since 2001.   more info >

Meeting five critical challenges of high school reform
mdrc, May 2006, 89 pp.
This is the first in a series of reports summarizing and synthesizing what has been learned from rigorous and large-scale evaluations of high school reform initiatives. It discusses three  initiatives — Career Academies, and Talent Development — that have grappled with the challenges of improving low-performing urban and rural schools.   more info >

Diplomas count: Minnesota, November 2005, 5 pp.
Provides demographic and graduation rate comparisons between Minnesota and the nation as a whole. Also includes a short Minnesota state policy overview.   more info >

The state of students of color 2006
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, November 2005, 89 pp.
Provides data on students of color in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities. Also includes a discussion of factors and programs contributing to higher education attendance.   more info >

Mind the gap: Reducing disparities to improve regional competitiveness in the Twin Cities
Brookings Institution, October 2005, 44 pp.
A look at race, class, and place disparities in the Twin Cities and why reducing them is important to build a more competitive workforce, bring more money into the region, and make the region stronger and more competitive. Also presents a policy framework for reducing disparities.   more info >

School readiness: Closing racial and ethnic gaps
Princeton University, Brookings Institution, April 2005, 196 pp.
Discusses multiple factors that may contribute to racial/ethnic gaps in school readiness.   more info >

Demographic change and the life circumstances of immigrant families
The Future of Children, July 2004, 31 pp.
A description of the major demographic shifts over the past half-century including statistics reflecting the circumstances of the nation's children across various racial/ethnic groups.   more info >

Guides for the journey : supporting high-risk youth with paid mentors and counselors
Public/Private Ventures, May 2004, 18 pp.
Explores the potential of a novel and emerging approach to increasing the level and quality of adult involvement with high-risk youth using paid mentor-counselors.   more info >

From the prison track to the college track : pathways to postsecondary success for out-of-school youth
Jobs for the Future, March 2004, 20 pp.
Focuses on four types of learning environments that appear to hold particular promise for vulnerable and potentially disconnected youth: reinvented high schools, secondary/postsecondary blends, education/employment blends, and extended learning opportunities.   more info >

Who graduates? Who doesn't? A statistical portrait of public high school graduation, class of 2001
Urban Institute, February 2004, 93 pp.
Provides public school graduation rates by state and region and for the United States as a whole. Includes rates for specific racial and ethnic groups, by gender, and for particular types of school districts. Also discusses methods of determining graduation rates.   more info >

Losing our future: How minority youth are being left behind by the graduation rate crisis
Civil Rights Project at Harvard University, Urban Institute, Advocates for Children of New York, The Civil Society Institute, November 2003, 93 pp.
Focuses on answering how deep and widespread are the racial disparities that exist at the state and district levels? According to the authors, they use a more accurate method of calculating graduation rates than what is normally used.   more info >

Closing the gap: High achievement for students of color
American Educational Research Association, November 2003, 4 pp.
Promising practices for reducing the achievement gap.   more info >

Ensuring education equality : understanding the achievement gap in Kentucky's public school system
Kentucky Commission on Human Rights, August 2003, 62 pp.
This research report exposes trends related to student achievement gaps among minority students, male students, students from low-income families, students with disabilities, and students with low English proficiency in Kentucky's public schools. Following a case study methodology, it analyzes the performance levels of these student sub-populations and presents research findings. It identifies best practices in closing student achievement gaps, and presents quantitative data from gap analyses and qualitative data from discussions with school officials.   more info >

It Takes More Than Testing: Closing the Achievement Gap
Center on Education Policy, April 2001, 47 pp.
Provides educational stakeholders with information about how to close the achievement gap in education. Includes background information, analyzes the nature and extent of the achievement gap, and outlines leading strategies for closing it.   more info >

Add it up: Using research to improve education for low-income and minority students
Poverty & Race Research Action Council, November 2000, 61 pp.
Explains "how low-performing schools can become high-achieving ones." Provides proven strategies and policies regarding early childhood education, parent involvement, quality teaching, using assessment, and more.   more info >

Raising minority academic achievement: A compendium of education programs and practices
American Youth Policy Forum, November 2000, 190 pp.
Presents evaluations of educational programs that are working to raise the academic achievement of minority students. It includes initiatives from early childhood through postsecondary levels. Evaluation summaries include program overviews, program components, and key evaluation findings. Also includes background information on the achievement gap, identifies strategies that raise academic achievement, and recommendations for action that policymakers and others can take to address the problem.   more info >

The state of students of color 2001
Minnesota Minority Education Partnership, November -0001, 50 pp.
Provides a comprehensive view of the educational experiences of students of color in Minnesota schools, colleges and universities.   more info >

Web sites

Education Commission of the States
Educational information covering early learning, K-12, and postsecondary. The issue sites include summaries of the facts, what states are doing, programs and practice, and sources of additional information on topics such as school readiness, assessment, at-risk students, charter schools, child abuse, educational attainment, mentoring, teaching, and many more.   more info >

ERIC database (Education Resources Information Center)
Database of education research.   more info >

What Works Clearinghouse
A collection of easily accessible databases and reports that provide reviews and information about the effectiveness of replicable educational programs, practices, and policies.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

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