Two STEM key measures – Employment in STEM occupations and Occupational projections in STEM – rely on data for detailed occupations, classified using U.S. Department of Labor's Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) typology. Occupations in STEM fields are comprised of 254 detailed SOC occupations, organized into 10 STEM occupational groupings:
ARCHITECTURE OCCUPATIONS: Architects, except landscape and naval; Landscape architects; and Architectural and civil drafters.
COMPUTER OCCUPATIONS: Computer and information research scientists; Computer systems analysts; Information security analysts; Computer programmers; Software developers, applications; Software developers, systems software; Web developers; Database administrators; Network and computer systems administrators; Computer network architects; Computer user support specialists; Computer network support specialists; and Computer occupations, all other.
ENGINEERING OCCUPATIONS: Aerospace engineers; Agricultural engineers; Biomedical engineers; Chemical engineers; Civil engineers; Computer hardware engineers; Electrical engineers; Electronics engineers, except computer; Environmental engineers; Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors; Industrial engineers; Marine engineers and naval architects; Materials engineers; Mechanical engineers; Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers; Nuclear engineers; Petroleum engineers; Engineers, all other; Electrical and electronics drafters; Mechanical drafters; Drafters, all other; Cartographers and photogrammetrists; Surveyors; Aerospace engineering and operations technicians; Civil engineering technicians; Electrical and electronics engineering technicians; Electro-mechanical technicians; Environmental engineering technicians; Industrial engineering technicians; Mechanical engineering technicians; Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other; and Surveying and mapping technicians.
HEALTH OCCUPATIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging technologists; Chiropractors; Dentists, general; Oral and maxillofacial surgeons; Orthodontists; Prosthodontists; Dentists, all other specialists; Dietitians and nutritionists; Optometrists; Pharmacists; Anesthesiologists; Family and general practitioners; Internists, general; Obstetricians and gynecologists; Pediatricians, general; Psychiatrists; Surgeons; Physicians and surgeons, all other; Physician assistants; Podiatrists; Occupational therapists; Physical therapists; Radiation therapists; Recreational therapists; Respiratory therapists; Speech-language pathologists; Exercise physiologists; Therapists, all other; Veterinarians; Registered nurses; Nurse anesthetists; Nurse midwives; Nurse practitioners; Audiologists; Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other; Medical and clinical laboratory technologists; Medical and clinical laboratory technicians; Dental hygienists; Cardiovascular technologists and technicians; Diagnostic medical sonographers; Nuclear medicine technologists; Radiologic technologists; Emergency medical technicians and paramedics; Dietetic technicians; Pharmacy technicians; Psychiatric technicians; Respiratory therapy technicians; Surgical technologists; Veterinary technologists and technicians; Ophthalmic medical technicians; Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses; Medical records and health information technicians; Opticians, dispensing; Orthotists and prosthetists; Hearing aid specialists; Health technologists and technicians, all other; Occupational health and safety specialists; Occupational health and safety technicians; Athletic trainers; Genetic counselors; and Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other.
LIFE AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS: Animal scientists; Food scientists and technologists; Soil and plant scientists; Biochemists and biophysicists; Microbiologists; Zoologists and wildlife biologists; Biological scientists, all other; Conservation scientists; Foresters; Epidemiologists; Medical scientists, except epidemiologists; Life scientists, all other; Astronomers; Physicists; Atmospheric and space scientists; Chemists; Materials scientists; Environmental scientists and specialists, including health; Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers; Hydrologists; Physical scientists, all other; Agricultural and food science technicians; Biological technicians; Chemical technicians; Geological and petroleum technicians; Nuclear technicians; Environmental science and protection technicians, including health; Forensic science technicians; Forest and conservation technicians; and Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other.
MATH OCCUPATIONS: Actuaries; Mathematicians; Operations research analysts; Statisticians; Mathematical technicians; and Mathematical science occupations, all other.
STEM MANAGEMENT, SALES, AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS: Computer and information systems managers; Architectural and engineering managers; Medical and health services managers; Natural sciences managers; Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products; and Sales engineers.
STEM POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION OCCUPATIONS: Computer science teachers, postsecondary; Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary; Architecture teachers, postsecondary; Engineering teachers, postsecondary; Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary; Biological science teachers, postsecondary; Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary; Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary; Chemistry teachers, postsecondary; Environmental science teachers, postsecondary; Physics teachers, postsecondary; Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary; Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary; Economics teachers, postsecondary; Geography teachers, postsecondary; Political science teachers, postsecondary; Psychology teachers, postsecondary; Sociology teachers, postsecondary; Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other; Health specialties teachers, postsecondary; and Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary.
STEM PRODUCTION AND TRADE OCCUPATIONS: Boilermakers; Cement masons and concrete finishers; Drywall and ceiling tile installers; Electricians; Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters; Sheet metal workers; Structural iron and steel workers; Construction and building inspectors; Elevator installers and repairers; Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters; Continuous mining machine operators; First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers; Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers; Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers; Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers; Avionics technicians; Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers; Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment; Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment; Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay; Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles; Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers; Aircraft mechanics and service technicians; Aircraft mechanics and service technicians; Automotive service technicians and mechanics; Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines; Motorboat mechanics and service technicians; Motorcycle mechanics; Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics; Bicycle repairers; Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers; Industrial machinery mechanics; Maintenance workers, machinery; Millwrights; Camera and photographic equipment repairers; Medical equipment repairers; Watch repairers; Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other; Manufactured building and mobile home installers; Electromechanical equipment assemblers; Timing device assemblers and adjusters; Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic; Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic; Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic; Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic; Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic; Machinists; Model makers, metal and plastic; Patternmakers, metal and plastic; Foundry mold and coremakers; Tool and die makers; Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers; Prepress technicians and workers; Model makers, wood; Patternmakers, wood; Nuclear power reactor operators; Power plant operators; Stationary engineers and boiler operators; Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators; Chemical plant and system operators; Gas plant operators; Plant and system operators, all other; Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders; Medical appliance technicians; and Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.
STEM SOCIAL SCIENCE OCCUPATIONS: Economists; Survey researchers; Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists; Industrial-organizational psychologists; Psychologists, all other; Sociologists; Urban and regional planners; Anthropologists and archeologists; Geographers; Political scientists; Social scientists and related workers, all other; and Social science research assistants.