Reports: Health disparities

Cancer Facts & Figures
American Cancer Society, November 2017, 76 pp.
Annual report that provides basic cancer facts and figures, as well as state-by-state statistics.   more info >

Food Insecurity, Chronic Disease, and Health Among Working-Age Adults
United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, July 2017, 31 pp.
This report documents the strong correlation between food security status and chronic health conditions among working age adults living at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty line.   more info >

2016 Health Care Disparities Report for Minnesota Health Care Programs
Minnesota Community Measurement, March 2017, 231 pp.
Presents Minnesota statewide and medical group rates of performance on ten quality measures for patients in Minnesota Health Care Programs (MHCP). It also includes differences in rates of care provided by medical groups between patients insured through MHCP and those insured through other forms of health care insurance, such as commercial or Medicare-managed care.   more info >

2016 Health Equity of Care Report: Stratification of Health Care Performance Results in Minnesota by Race, Hispanic Ethnicity, Preferred Language and Country of Origin
MN Community Measurement, February 2017, 294 pp.
This report deepens understanding of health care disparities in Minnesota with results segmented by race and Hispanic ethnicity and comparable medical group reporting of seven quality measures.   more info >

Minnesota Legislative Report Card on Racial Equity
Voices for Racial Justice, July 2016, 64 pp.
Annual report  that looks at the previous Minnesota legislative session, focusing on advancing racial equity. Individual legislators and the governor are graded on their support for bills to support education equity, health equity, economic and wealth equity, civil rights and criminal justice, and American Indian Tribal Sovereignty.   more info >

Poverty and Child Health in the United States
American Academy of Pediatrics, April 2016, 16 pp.
Almost half of young children in the United States live in poverty or near poverty. Poverty and related social determinants of health can lead to adverse health outcomes in childhood and across the life course, negatively affecting physical health, socio-emotional development, and educational achievement. This report consists of a policy statement and a technical report describing current knowledge on child poverty and the mechanisms by which poverty influences the health and well-being of children.   more info >

2015 Health Equity of Care Report: Stratification of Health Care Performance Results by Race, Hispanic Ethnicity, Preferred Language and Country of Origin
MN Community Measurement, February 2016, 259 pp.
Explores health inequities in Minnesota. It provides data on health care outcomes by Minnesota region, preferred language, and racial and Hispanic ethnicity.   more info >

Health Equity in Prevention
Wilder Research, February 2016
The Center for Prevention at Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota provided funding to organizations through the Health Equity in Prevention initiative to advance health equity through policy, systems, and environmental changes. Wilder Research conducted a review of tools than can assess organizational capacity to advance health equity. Evaluation work included conducting ripple effect mapping discussions with HEiP-funded organizations to understand project impacts. Reports also highlight policy work and lessons learned.   more info >

Populations of color in Minnesota: Health status report
Minnesota Department of Health, December 2015, 12 pp.
An annual update of the health status of populations of color in Minnesota. Data include: birth-related health indicators; death rates and cause of death; cancer incidence; and health insurance rates.   more info >

Reducing Health Disparities by Poverty Status: Focus on Policy
Institute for Research on Poverty, October 2015, 2 pp.
It is well known that those with moderate and high incomes are healthier on average than those with low incomes. For every age group and on most health indicators, the poor are less healthy than the near poor and nonpoor. Many factors influence health, including access to medical care. This policy brief summarizes survey data concerning disparities in health care access and health in the United States, as well as provides an evidence-based solution to improve the health of the poor.   more info >

Life and Breath: How Air Pollution Affects Public Health in the Twin Cities
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency & Minnesota Department of Health, July 2015, 48 pp.
This report analyzes air quality data from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and health data from the Minnesota Department of Health to estimate the effects of air pollution on health outcomes for people in the seven-county metro area in each zip code.   more info >

2014 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, May 2015, 40 pp.
Twelfth year of reports which measure trends in effectiveness of care, patient safety, timeliness of care, patient centeredness, and efficiency of care. Beginning this year, findings on health care quality and health care disparities are integrated into a single document. State snapshots are also available on the website.   more info >

Health Disparities and Impact of Disability on Health Status in North Dakota
North Dakota Center for Persons with Disabilities, Minot State University, May 2015, 34 pp.
This report profiles the demographics, health care access, health status, and health risk behaviors of North Dakota adults with disabilities. It finds that 18.1 percent of North Dakota adults have a disability, and that people with disabilities are more likely to be female, older, possess lower levels of education, earn lower incomes, and be unable to work.   more info >

How Prevalent are Family Risk Factors among Minnesota Children who Receive Medical Assistance (MA) or MinnesotaCare?
Minnesota Department of Human Services, April 2015, 32 pp.
More than 420,000 children (one-third of all the children in Minnesota) are enrolled in Medical Assistance or MinnesotaCare. The study looked at nearly 400,000 of these children who were living with a parent, many of whom were also enrolled in DHS safety net programs.   more info >

Infant Mortality Reduction Plan for Minnesota: Part I
Minnesota Department of Health, March 2015, 80 pp.
This baseline report is part one of Minnesota's infant mortality reduction plan. The plan contains infant mortality baseline data for the 2006-2010 period, and it outlines seven broad recommendations to achieve infant mortality reduction in the state by 2020.   more info >

Status of Women and Girls in Minnesota: Research Overview
Women's Foundation of Minnesota and Center on Women & Public Policy, June 2014, 20 pp.
Biennial report that provides health, safety, economic and leadership data on women and girls in Minnesota.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, April 2014
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Advancing Health Equity in Minnesota: Report to the Legislature
Minnesota Department of Health, February 2014, 130 pp.
An overview of Minnesota's health disparities, discussion about the inequitable conditions that produce disparities, and recommendations to advance health equity in Minnesota. Conversations and surveys were conducted with Minnesotans to get their input.   more info >

Time to Act: Investing in the Health of Our Children and Communities
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 2014, 120 pp.
Explores ways to improve the health of Americans by focusing on experiences in early childhood, opportunities that communities provide for people to make health choices, and the mission and incentives of health professionals and health care institutions.   more info >

North Dakota five-year needs assessment (2011-2015) for the maternal and child health services Title V block grant program
North Dakota Department of Health, October 2012, 204 pp.
This report focuses on the health care needs of different population groups within North Dakota, including pregnant women, mothers and infants to age 1; children and adolescents; and children and youth with special health-care needs. It provides an overview of the state’s challenges and a description of the state's selected priority needs.   more info >

African-American babies
Wilder Research, July 2012, 8 pp.
A 2011 report provides a snapshot of the status of African-American babies relative to other babies in St. Paul and Minneapolis. A 2012 report presents the results of community conversations about raising strong and healthy children.   more info >

Health inequities in the Twin Cities
Wilder Research, May 2012, 56 pp.
Commissioned by the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Foundation of Minnesota, this study examines the economic and social factors that influence health outcomes in the Twin Cities region, and finds that neighborhood, income, education, and race all matter. Opportunities and challenges in reducing health inequities are also discussed. The original study looked at 2000 census data; it was updated in 2012 using 2010 census data or the most recent data available. The update also includes a supplement on three “upstream” factors that contribute to health inequities: access to healthy foods, opportunities for physical activity and social connectedness.   more info >

Health status of rural Minnesotans
Minnesota Department of Health, September 2011, 90 pp.
Summarizes key health indicators, health behaviors, and other health determinants of rural Minnesotans.   more info >

North Dakota Health Disparities Diabetes
North Dakota Department of Health, September 2011
Presents data on the prevalence of diabetes in North Dakota by characteristics such as age, race, geography, and disability status and more.   more info >

Health reform and communities of color: Implications for racial and ethnic health disparities
Kaiser Family Foundation, September 2010, 14 pp.
Discusses parts of the health care reform law that are likely to improve access to care for people of color and have an impact on health disparities.   more info >

Healthy communities matter: The importance of place to the health of boys of color
The California Endowment, June 2010, 28 pp.
Highlights how the neighborhoods where African-American and Latino boys and young men grow up directly influence their health outcomes and discusses the need for comprehensive, systems-based policy solutions implemented at the community level.   more info >

Reducing Racial/Ethnic Differences in Early-Life Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity: The Role of Early Life Risk Factors
Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, April 2010, 12 pp.
Looks at racial/ethnic differences in early-life risk factors for childhood obesity.   more info >

The Grocery Gap: Who Has Access to Healthy Food and Why it Matters
PolicyLink, The Food Trust, February 2010, 44 pp.
Inequitable access to healthy food is a major contributor to health disparities. This report presents a large body of evidence that many low-income communities, communities of color, and sparsely populated rural areas do not have sufficient opportunities to buy healthy, affordable food.   more info >

AHRQ Activities to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health care: Program brief
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, December 2009, 6 pp.
Lists selected recent publications describing efforts to reduce health care disparities in asthma, cancer care, mental health, and more. Includes facts on the scope of health disparities and recent improvements in reducing disparities.   more info >

National healthcare disparities reports
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, March 2009, 300 pp.
Reports on trends in health care disparities and the degree to which health care disparities for racial and ethnic minorities and poor populations have lessoned. Chapters address the quality of and access to health care and disparities among specific populations -- including racial and ethnic minorities, low-income groups, older adults, residents of rural areas, and more -- and the specific measures used.   more info >

Immunization and health disparities
Minnesota Department of Health, February 2009, 62 pp.
This report analyzes the state of immunization and immunization disparities in Minnesota and provides a set of recommendations for achieving high overall immunization rates and eliminating disparities.   more info >

A Latino health report: Identifying barriers and solutions to reduce health care disparities
Chicano Latino Affairs Council, January 2009, 32 pp.
Presents the findings of eight health focus groups with Latino community members in Minnesota. The focus groups explored the causes behind barriers preventing urban and rural Latinos from gaining access to the health care system and to gather current information based on personal accounts to inform policy recommendations.   more info >

Health disparities: An Asian American & Pacific Islander community response
Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans, January 2009, 32 pp.
Recommendations from a Minnesota forum on Asian health disparities. Topics include health care access, health promotion, health data, health conditions, professional development, and emergency preparedness.   more info >

The fall and rise of U.S. inequities in premature mortality: 1960-2002
Harvard School of Public Health, February 2008, 15 pp.
This report refutes the idea that health inequities inevitably widen or shrink as the overall health of a population improves.  Instead disparities can rise or fall, dependent upon many factors.  Findings from this report can be used to inform health policies and programs in America.   more info >

Promoting health equity: A Resource to help communities address social determinants of health
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2008, 116 pp.
Workbook for people interested in addressing social, economic, and environmental conditions in order to promote health and achieve health equity. The report includes case studies of existing programs, highlights lessons learned from communities working on these issues, and provides information and tools to develop, implement and evaluate interventions that address the social determinants of health equality.   more info >

Promoting better health for Minnesotans with disabilities: ending exclusion
Minnesota Department of Health, August 2007, 81 pp.
This plan was developed to promote the health of individual with disabilities and to prevent secondary conditions related to their disabilities.  It is intended to become a tool for future policies and interventions in Minnesota.   more info >

Racial and ethnic disparities in children's mental health
Wilder Research, October 2006, 16 pp.
Children from minority families are one-third to one-half as likely to receive mental health care as white youth. This briefing outlines some contributing factors and steps that can be taken to help reduce disparities.   more info >

Improving children's health: Understanding children's health disparities and promising approaches to address them
Children's Defense Fund, June 2006, 85 pp.
Provides an overview of health disparities and determinants of health outcomes, specifically focusing on children's health. It includes data from the National Health Interview Survey, and strategies to reduce disparities.   more info >

Growing Up Healthy in Minnesota
Wilder Research, March 2005, 12 pp.
Key results and lessons learned from Growing Up Healthy in Minnesota, an initiative of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota Foundation to provide and increase awareness and access to preventive health and dental care. Outlines the methods, results, and learnings of nine organizations around the state that received grants. Focused particularly on the needs of immigrant communities and communities of color.   more info >

Immigrant health, a call to action: Recommendations from the Minnesota Immigrant Health Task Force
Minnesota Immigrant Health Task Force, January 2005, 45 pp.
Describes eight action steps to improve immigrant health in Minnesota, including ways that decision makers, health care administrators, educators and others can help with implementation.   more info >

THRIVE: Tool for Health & Resilience In Vulnerable Environments
Prevention Institute, September 2004
THRIVE enables communities to determine how to improve health and safety, and promote health equity. It is a framework for understanding how structural drivers, such as racism, play out at the community level in terms of the social-cultural, physical/built, and economic/ educational environments. We call these community-level indicators the community determinants of health. In addition to being a framework, THRIVE is also a tool for engaging community members and practitioners in assessing the status of community determinants, prioritizing them, and taking action to change them in order to improve health, safety, and health equity. As a framework, THRIVE is widely applicable to local, state, and national initiatives to inform policy and program direction.   more info >

Race, ethnicity, and health: Snapshots III of America's families
Urban Institute, March 2004, 4 pp.
This brief uses data from the National Survey of America's Families to look at changes in health insurance coverage and health status by race and ethnicity.   more info >

Dynamics of race, culture and key indicators of health in the nation's 100 largest cities and their suburbs
SUNY Downstate Medical Center, February 2003, 44 pp.
Looks at changes in health and social measures from 1990 to 2000 in the 100 largest U.S. cities, including Minneapolis/St. Paul using U.S. Census Bureau and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data.   more info >

Minnesota's uninsured: findings from the 2001 Health Access Survey
Minnesota Department of Health, April 2002, 76 pp.
Presents findings of the 2001 Minnesota Health Access Survey. It focuses on uninsurance rates for various population groups.   more info >

Disparities in health access: voices from Minnesota's Latino community
Hispanic Advocacy and Community Empowerment through Research (HACER), January 2002, 36 pp.
Presents the results of a series of focus groups conducted with Latinos in Minnesota to discuss issues related to health care access.   more info >

Mental health: culture, race, and ethnicity - a supplement to Mental Health : A Report of the Surgeon General.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, November 2000, 219 pp.
Reports on the nature and extent of disparities in mental health care for racial and ethnic minorities and on promising directions for the elimination of these disparities.   more info >

Web sites

Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?
Site accompanying a seven-part documentary series exploring racial and socioeconomic inequalities in health.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

Minnesota Public Health Data Access: Oral Health
Portal for data on oral health in Minnesota.   more info >

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