Reports: Children's health

Health Insurance Coverage among Children Ages 3 and Younger and Their Parents: National and State Estimates
Urban Institute, December 2017, 44 pp.
Using data from the American Community Survey (ACS), this brief finds that relatively few children ages 3 and younger were uninsured in 2015 nationally and in most states, and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was associated with increased coverage among both young children and their parents. However, 13.2 percent of the parents of young children were uninsured, higher than among parents of older children. Furthermore, nearly half of children ages 3 and younger--and over a fifth of their parents--were covered by Medicaid/CHIP in 2015; therefore, Medicaid/CHIP policy changes would have outsize effects on these families.   more info >

Minnesota Kids Count Data Book
Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2017, 52 pp.
Snapshot of data on 10 indicators of child well-being in Minnesota. The state is ranked on each indicator and compared to previous years. Data are also provided by region.   more info >

North Dakota KIDS COUNT Fact Book
North Dakota KIDS COUNT, October 2017, 219 pp.
Provides North Dakota state, region, and county-level data on child well-being, including demographics, family and community, economic well-being, education and early care, health, and safety and risky behaviors.   more info >

Helping Children and Parents Succeed Together: An Update on the Dunbar Learning Complex
Annie E. Casey Foundation, October 2017, 24 pp.
This report discusses the Dunbar Learning Complex, a two-generation model which aims to create opportunities for low-income families to succeed. Early assessments show positive results, especially in preparing young children for kindergarten and in making sure their health needs are met.   more info >

America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, July 2017, 228 pp.
Reports data on a set of indicators of child well-being. Indicators included are in the categories of family and social environment, economic categories, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education, and health. This is an annual report.   more info >

Kids Count Data Book: State Profiles of Child Well-being
Annie E. Casey Foundation, June 2017, 68 pp.
This annual report provides data on 10 indicators of child well-being, by state and for the U.S. States are ranked on each indicator and compared to previous years.   more info >

Chartbook: Trends in Rural Children’s Health and Access to Care
South Carolina Rural Health Research Center, January 2017, 16 pp.
This chartbook looks at the health status of rural and urban children from 2003–2012. Due principally to expansions in Medicaid eligibility, the national proportion of children who lacked health insurance declined during that time. The chartbook focuses on the demographics of rural children, their financial access to care, reported use of care, and parentally-reported health status.   more info >

Hennepin County Children's Mental Health Collaborative
Wilder Research, September 2016
The Hennepin County Children’s Mental Health Collaborative (HCCMHC) focuses on juvenile justice, uninsured/underinsured youth, primary care, school-based mental health services, parent involvement, culturally-responsive initiatives, early childhood, and parent leadership.   more info >

Art as Intervention: Evaluation of a Trauma-Informed Creative Arts Program for Young Children
Wilder Research, September 2016, 28 pp.
Children's Theatre Company developed a series of trauma-informed creative arts workshops to help children experiencing toxic stress develop social emotional skills and resilience. They worked with early childhood organizations to implement the workshops with young children. The evaluation looks at early impacts of the program, promising practices, and lessons learned.   more info >

Poverty and Child Health in the United States
American Academy of Pediatrics, April 2016, 16 pp.
Almost half of young children in the United States live in poverty or near poverty. Poverty and related social determinants of health can lead to adverse health outcomes in childhood and across the life course, negatively affecting physical health, socio-emotional development, and educational achievement. This report consists of a policy statement and a technical report describing current knowledge on child poverty and the mechanisms by which poverty influences the health and well-being of children.   more info >

Hennepin County SHAPE Surveys
Hennepin County Community Health Department, Bloomington Division of Public Health, April 2016, 30 pp.
SHAPE is a periodic health surveillance and assessment survey of children and adults in Hennepin County.   more info >

School health profiles: Characteristics of health programs among secondary schools in selected U.S. sites
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, December 2015, 197 pp.
Summarizes results from a national survey measuring school health policies and practices. Profiles include information about health education, physical education, health services, healthy and safe school environment, and family and community involvement. Surveys are conducted every two years.   more info >

Children in the States Factsheets
Children's Defense Fund, October 2015
Fact sheets for each state that provide basic stats and rankings regarding poverty, health, hunger, child welfare, early childhood development, education and youth at risk.   more info >

Many Eligible Children Don't Participate in School Nutrition Programs: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Improve
Carsey School of Public Policy, July 2015, 4 pp.
This brief uses data from the 2013 Current Population Survey's Food Security Supplement to document levels of participation in school nutrition programs by region and place type to identify areas of expansion.   more info >

Life and Breath: How Air Pollution Affects Public Health in the Twin Cities
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency & Minnesota Department of Health, July 2015, 48 pp.
This report analyzes air quality data from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and health data from the Minnesota Department of Health to estimate the effects of air pollution on health outcomes for people in the seven-county metro area in each zip code.   more info >

Coverage Rates Stabilize for Children's Health Insurance: State Policy Change May Be Needed to Address Remaining Children Without Insurance
Carsey School of Public Policy, June 2015, 6 pp.
Providing children with health coverage has been recognized as key to childhood development and long-term health. This brief uses data from the American Community Survey to estimate children's health insurance coverage from 2008-2013 across the United States as well as by region, place type, and type of coverage.   more info >

How Prevalent are Family Risk Factors among Minnesota Children who Receive Medical Assistance (MA) or MinnesotaCare?
Minnesota Department of Human Services, April 2015, 32 pp.
More than 420,000 children (one-third of all the children in Minnesota) are enrolled in Medical Assistance or MinnesotaCare. The study looked at nearly 400,000 of these children who were living with a parent, many of whom were also enrolled in DHS safety net programs.   more info >

American Indian Infant Mortality in Minnesota: Gaps in Services for Mothers and Provider Training Needs: A Study Conducted for Twin Cities Healthy Start
Wilder Research, January 2015, 26 pp.
A study looking at infant mortality among American Indians in Minnesota. Focus groups with American Indian mothers, interviews with service providers, and a literature review identified gaps in knowledge and skills of providers and best practices. These results will be used to develop training opportunities to help health care and social service providers better serve American Indian mothers and their children and reduce the incidence of infant mortality.   more info >

Building Healthy Schools: Health Impact Assessment on Planning School Construction Projects in Minnesota
Public Health Law Center, January 2015, 127 pp.
A health impact assessment of K-12 school design and its influence on student health. It provides analysis and recommendations on ways schools can influence health through school siting, transportation, nutrition, and physical activity.   more info >

North Dakota Department of Health Children's Special Health Services: Reports
North Dakota Department of Health, January 2015
Provides links to reports from the Children's Special Health Services of the ND Department of Health, which conducts comprehensive, statewide assessments of the health and related needs of children with special health care needs and their families in North Dakota. The complete assessment includes data from a variety of sources including secondary data, state and national family surveys, family focus groups, and provider surveys.   more info >

Protecting Children From Unhealthy Homes and Housing Instability
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, December 2014, 5 pp.
Discusses the impact on children from unhealthy homes and housing instability and provides examples of two programs addressing these issues.   more info >

The Economic Burden of the Environment on Two Childhood Diseases: Asthma and Lead Poisoning in Minnesota
Minnesota Department of Health, December 2014, 17 pp.
This report focuses on two important environmentally-related health conditions in Minnesota's children: asthma and blood lead poisoning. It documents the economic cost of both conditions in one year, 2010, and estimates the fraction that is attributable to environmental causes.   more info >

State of Black America
National Urban League, April 2014
Annual report presenting the National Urban League's Equality Index. Focuses on unemployment and income equality, but also includes measures of education, health, civic engagement, housing, transportation, and public safety for Hispanic, Black, and White populations. Includes metropolitan area rankings of unemployment and income equality. Requires a free registration to download full reports.   more info >

Low Birth Weight Babies in North Dakota
Kids Count North Dakota, March 2014, 2 pp.
Presents data on low birth weight babies by North Dakota county.   more info >

Hunger in America 2014: North Dakota's Reality
Great Plains Food Bank, February 2014, 4 pp.
Executive Summary of the Hunger in America 2014 report for North Dakota.   more info >

Advancing Health Equity in Minnesota: Report to the Legislature
Minnesota Department of Health, February 2014, 130 pp.
An overview of Minnesota's health disparities, discussion about the inequitable conditions that produce disparities, and recommendations to advance health equity in Minnesota. Conversations and surveys were conducted with Minnesotans to get their input.   more info >

The State of America's Children
Children's Defense Fund, January 2014
A compilation of national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, nutrition and housing. Report is compiled annually.   more info >

Time to Act: Investing in the Health of Our Children and Communities
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 2014, 120 pp.
Explores ways to improve the health of Americans by focusing on experiences in early childhood, opportunities that communities provide for people to make health choices, and the mission and incentives of health professionals and health care institutions.   more info >

Progress on Childhood Obesity: Many States Show Declines
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2013, 4 pp.
State-by-state look at changes in childhood obesity rates. Offers suggestions for ways state and local officials, parents, and others can address childhood obesity.   more info >

Overview of Adverse Child and Family Experiences among North Dakota Children
North Dakota Department of Health, May 2013, 2 pp.
Prevalence of adverse child or family experiences for North Dakota children.   more info >

State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables, 2013
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, May 2013, 16 pp.
Provides national and state-specific information on fruit and vegetable consumption and policy and environmental support within each state.   more info >

Findings and Recommendations of the Rapid Health Impact Assessment of School Integration Strategies in Minnesota
Human Impact Partners, ISAIAH, April 2013, 67 pp.
An evaluation of the projected health effects of a Minnesota Bill that addresses racial integration in Minnesota schools. Includes a review of the history of school integration and segregation in Minnesota, the impact of school integration on educational achievement, health, equity, and cross-racial connection.   more info >

Blind Spot: The Impact of Missed Early Warning Signs on Children's Mental Health
Center for Children's Advocacy, March 2013, 24 pp.
This study analyzed school records in an effort to identify patterns that could be helpful in designing or strengthening identification and intervention strategies to reduce or prevent serious mental health issues in early adolescence.   more info >

Record Number of Children Covered by Health Insurance in 2011
Carsey Institute, February 2013, 4 pp.
Using data from the 2008 through 2011 American Community Survey, this brief describes rates of children’s health insurance coverage nationally, by region, and place type (that is, rural, suburban, and central city). In addition, it details the composition of coverage in the United States, specifically the proportion of children covered by private and public insurance   more info >

America's Children and the Environment
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, January 2013, 504 pp.
Presents national data on children's environmental health. Indicators cover conditions in the environment such as air pollution, contaminants measured in children such as blood lead levels, and health conditions such as asthma.   more info >

Mental health disorders, Adolescent Health Highlight
Child Trends, January 2013, 10 pp.
Focuses on mental health disorders in adolescence. Includes prevalence rates, consequences and risk of mental disorders, treatment options, and barriers to accessing mental health care.   more info >

Access to mental health care, Adolescent Health Highlight
Child Trends, January 2013, 5 pp.
Focuses on access to mental health care for adolescents. The report describes barriers to treating adolescent mental health disorders; discusses the connection between insurance status and access to mental health treatment; and explains funding for adolescent mental health services.   more info >

Positive mental health: Resilience, Adolescent Health Highlight
Child Trends, January 2013, 6 pp.
Discusses resilience in adolescence, including the characteristics that are associated with resilience, program strategies that promote resilience, and resources on the topic.   more info >

Adverse Childhood Experiences in Minnesota: Findings & Recommendations based on the 2011 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Minnesota Department of Health, January 2013, 39 pp.
This report marks the first time that the Minnesota Department of Health has collected data regarding the effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on the lifelong health and well-being of adults in Minnesota. For two decades, research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other states has demonstrated over and over again the powerful impact of ACEs on health, behavioral, and social problems. An extensive and growing body of research documents that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)--those causing toxic levels of stress or trauma before age 18--are specifically linked to poor physical and mental health, chronic disease, lower educational achievement, lower economic success, and impaired social success in adulthood.   more info >

North Dakota five-year needs assessment (2011-2015) for the maternal and child health services Title V block grant program
North Dakota Department of Health, October 2012, 204 pp.
This report focuses on the health care needs of different population groups within North Dakota, including pregnant women, mothers and infants to age 1; children and adolescents; and children and youth with special health-care needs. It provides an overview of the state’s challenges and a description of the state's selected priority needs.   more info >

Breastfeeding report card -- United States, 2012
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2012, 4 pp.
This report card provides both national and state-level data which enable communities to monitor breastfeeding progress.   more info >

African-American babies
Wilder Research, July 2012, 8 pp.
A 2011 report provides a snapshot of the status of African-American babies relative to other babies in St. Paul and Minneapolis. A 2012 report presents the results of community conversations about raising strong and healthy children.   more info >

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, June 2012, 162 pp.
National survey that monitors six categories of health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults (grades 9-12). The study addresses violence, tobacco and drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, and physical activity. Includes state-by-state comparisons.   more info >

Results-based public policy strategies for promoting children's social, emotional and behavioral health
Center for the Study of Social Policy, March 2012, 19 pp.
Presents three overarching policy strategies for ensuring that children's mental health needs are identified and addressed. The paper includes specific examples and ways to ensure and sustain success.   more info >

The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bond: Focus on children in poverty
American Academy of Pediatrics, December 2011, 12 pp.
Discusses the importance of play and addresses issues that may deprive children who live in poverty from gaining the maximum benefit from play.   more info >

Children's Food Environment State Indicator Report, 2011
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 2011, 10 pp.
This report highlights selected behaviors, environments, and policies for each state that affect childhood obesity through support of healthy eating.   more info >

Immigrant Children: The Future of Children Spring 2011
The Brookings Institution and Princeton University, March 2011, 270 pp.
Includes a variety of articles that look at the well-being of immigrant children and what can be done to improve their educational attainment, health, social and cognitive development, and long-term prospects for economic mobility.   more info >

Providing access to healthy foods through school gardens
Wilder Research, February 2011, 2 pp.
Gives information about a Columbia Heights School District project that created an "Edible Schoolyard/Outdoor Classroom."   more info >

Minnesota student survey, 1992-2010 trends: Behaviors, attitudes and perceptions of Minnesota's 6th, 9th and 12th graders
Minnesota Departments of Education, Health, Human Services and Public Safety, December 2010, 52 pp.
This report identifies trends in the prevalence of behaviors and attitudes of young people, based on 21 years of data from the Minnesota Student Survey. It highlights key indicators across many areas of interest, including: academics and school connectedness, school safety and violence, mental health, ATOD, sexual behavior and family structure.   more info >

Breastfeeding supports and challenges: Mothers' perspectives on health care, worksites and social influences
Wilder Research and the Minnesota Department of Health, October 2010, 70 pp.
Examines the social and physical environmental conditions that impact women's decisions to breastfeed. The Minnesota Department of Health and Wilder Research conducted focus groups and interviews with a diverse cross section of mothers of infants in Minnesota. This report summarizes participants' responses in relation to their experiences with health care settings, worksites, and social influences.   more info >

Children, Adolescents, Substance Abuse, and the Media
American Academy of Pediatrics, October 2010, 9 pp.
Policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding youth substance use and the media.   more info >

Big ideas: Game-changers for Children
First Focus, September 2010, 150 pp.
In an effort to generate new and innovative ideas to improve child well-being in the United States, First Focus called upon policy thinkers to provide game-changing proposals designed to advance federal children's policy.   more info >

The Minnesota story: How advocates secured the first state law of its kind expanding children's access to dental care
Pew Center on the States, September 2010, 15 pp.
Describes how Minnesota passed a law to incrMinnesota_Story_brief(1).pdfease children's access to dental care.   more info >

Uninsured children: Who are they and where do they live?
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Urban Institute, August 2010, 193 pp.
This report uses data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) to provide detailed state estimates of uninsured children, including uninsured rates for children with different demographic, socioeconomic and family characteristics in each state.   more info >

Breastfeeding report card: United States, 2010
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2010, 4 pp.
This report provides state-by-state data on breastfeeding. The Report Card indicators measure types of support in key community settings as well as the most current data on the breastfeeding goals outlined in Healthy People 2010.   more info >

Community wellness: Comprehensive city-school strategies to reduce childhood obesity
National League of Cities and The Institute for Youth, Education and Families, June 2010, 68 pp.
This report focuses on lessons learned by school superintendents and city leaders who formed and sustained local collaborations to reduce obesity. It also explores how collaborations were able to leverage federally mandated school wellness policies to develop community-wide wellness plans.   more info >

Solving the problem of childhood obesity within a generation
White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity, May 2010, 124 pp.
This report is part of the “Let’s Move” initiative to fight childhood obesity. It details a coordinated strategy, identifies key benchmarks, and outlines an action plan to end the problem of childhood obesity within a generation. It presents a series of 70 specific recommendations, many of which can be implemented right away.   more info >

Too fat to fight: Retired military leaders want junk food out of America's schools
Mission: Readiness, April 2010, 16 pp.
Presents information on the increase of child obesity. It calls on Congress to reduce the availability of high-calorie, low-nutrition foods in schools and presents examples of successful school interventions.   more info >

Reducing Racial/Ethnic Differences in Early-Life Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity: The Role of Early Life Risk Factors
Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, April 2010, 12 pp.
Looks at racial/ethnic differences in early-life risk factors for childhood obesity.   more info >

Safe Routes to School: State Network Project: Final Report, 2007
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, November 2009, 60 pp.
Reports on the goals and actions of the federal Safe Routes to School program, which focuses on making it safer and more common for children to walk and bicycle to school. The program gives health, education and transportation professionals suggestions for connecting schools and communities in order to get America’s children moving again.   more info >

Promoting healthy lifestyles: The impact of Boys & Girls Clubs of America's Triple Play Program on healthy eating, exercise patterns, and developmental outcomes
Youth Development Strategies, August 2009, 21 pp.
Evaluation of a multi-faceted program for youth designed to demonstrate how eating smart, keeping fit and forming positive relationships add up to a healthy lifestyle.  The study found improvements in nutrition knowledge, healthy eating and exercise habits, peer interactions, and club culture and structure. Positive outcomes were found across the range of clubs even though clubs used different approaches and served different populations.   more info >

Preventing low birthweight
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 17 pp.
This brief describes five strategies for reducing the rate of low birth weight births.   more info >

Reducing infant mortality
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 13 pp.
This KIDS COUNT Indicator Brief describes six strategies that are essential to any plan aimed at further reducing the infant mortality rate.   more info >

Reducing the child death rate
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 12 pp.
This brief offers strategies to address both the larger socioeconomic forces and some of the specific hazards that threaten the well-being, even the lives, of children ages one to 14.   more info >

Reducing the teen birth rate
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 17 pp.
This KIDS COUNT Indicator Brief describes six strategies that can contribute to preventing teen pregnancy.   more info >

Reducing the teen death rate
Annie E. Casey Foundation, July 2009, 15 pp.
This brief offers broad strategies that address the underlying causes of the nation’s high teen mortality rates and the three leading causes of teen death—motor vehicle accidents, homicide, and suicide.   more info >

Beyond health care: New directions to a healthier America
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, April 2009, 126 pp.
Recommendations from a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation commission for how to improve America's health across many sectors. It includes a community health assessment guide to help a community set priorities and develop strategies for improving the health of residents while reducing disparities in health status.   more info >

MInnesota's Children 2009
Child Welfare League of America, January 2009, 7 pp.
Compiles state data on the status of children on indicators of child protection, health, child care, education, violence, and income support.   more info >

School health profiles 2008: Characteristics of health programs among secondary schools
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2009, 187 pp.
Summarizes results from a national survey measuring school health policies and practices. Profiles include information about health education, physical education, health services, healthy and safe school environment, and family and community involvement.   more info >

Left Behind: North Dakota's Uninsured Children
Families USA, November 2008, 9 pp.
Examines Current Population Survey data on health insurance coverage.   more info >

Youngsters' mental health and psychosocial problems : what are the data?
UCLA School Mental Health Project, June 2008, 95 pp.
This report provides a synthesis of the best data available on children's mental health, while pointing out its limitations and major gaps in data that need filling.   more info >

Effective interventions for the prevention and treatment of depression in adolescent girls: A review of relevant research
Wilder Research, January 2007, 37 pp.
Reviews research literature on the effectiveness of services to prevent or treat depression in adolescent girls.   more info >

Differences in adolescent risk factors by "place size": 2007 Minnesota Student Survey statewide data
Minnesota Department of Health, January 2007, 41 pp.
Uses Minnesota Student Survey data to analyze adolescent risk behaviors by the size of the place in which they live and go to school.   more info >

Racial and ethnic disparities in children's mental health
Wilder Research, October 2006, 16 pp.
Children from minority families are one-third to one-half as likely to receive mental health care as white youth. This briefing outlines some contributing factors and steps that can be taken to help reduce disparities.   more info >

Improving children's health: Understanding children's health disparities and promising approaches to address them
Children's Defense Fund, June 2006, 85 pp.
Provides an overview of health disparities and determinants of health outcomes, specifically focusing on children's health. It includes data from the National Health Interview Survey, and strategies to reduce disparities.   more info >

Growing Up Healthy in Minnesota
Wilder Research, March 2005, 12 pp.
Key results and lessons learned from Growing Up Healthy in Minnesota, an initiative of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota Foundation to provide and increase awareness and access to preventive health and dental care. Outlines the methods, results, and learnings of nine organizations around the state that received grants. Focused particularly on the needs of immigrant communities and communities of color.   more info >

Children's mental health: new developments in policy and programs
National Institute for Health Care Management, March 2005, 13 pp.
An action brief developed from the National Institute for Health Care Management (NIHCM) Foundation forum that was focused on children's mental health issues held in May, 2004.   more info >

Our health and the health of the environment: How are they connected? What can we do to improve both?
The Collaborative on Health and the Environment, September 2004, 19 pp.
Explains the links between chronic illness, toxic chemicals, and other environmental contaminants. Provides examples of legislative and corporate policies aimed at improving our health and the health of the environment.   more info >

No time to waste: programs to reduce teen pregnancy among middle school-aged youth
National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, February 2004, 60 pp.
Information on community-level and school-based programs for middle school-aged youth that have been shown to have a positive impact on adolescent sexual behavior.   more info >

Teens and tobacco in Minnesota: Results from the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey
Minnesota Department of Health, December 2000, 42 pp.
Presents data on the prevalence of tobacco use, sources of tobacco products, attitudes and beliefs about tobacco use, and other topics. Data are presented separately for middle school and high school students.   more info >

Common psychosocial problems of school aged youth: developmental variations, problems, disorders and perspectives for prevention and treatment
UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools, November -0001, 250 pp.
Designed as a "desk reference aid,"  includes sections on labeling, environmental situations, and potentially stressful events;  programs to address behavioral, emotional, and learning problems; frequently identified psychosocial problems; and a listing of resources, agencies, and organizations.   more info >

Web sites

Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health
Presents state and national data on children's health. Indicators include: overall health status, asthma, socio-emotional difficulties, preventive health and dental care, early childhood experience, repetition of grade, reading, and attending religious services.   more info >

National Center for Children in Poverty
Research on preventing child poverty and improving the lives of low-income families. Includes poverty statistics and information on child care, welfare reform, and more.   more info >
Presents measures of child wellbeing and policy analysis for states, counties, large cities, and metropolitan areas.   more info >

Minnesota Public Health Data Access: Oral Health
Portal for data on oral health in Minnesota.   more info >

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