Reports: Economy and workforce

Immigration and the Economy
Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development, December 2017, 6 pp.
This report describes labor force projections and the role of immigration in Minnesota's economy.   more info >

State and Local Fiscal Effects of Immigration
Urban Institute, June 2017, 19 pp.
Differences in state taxes paid and benefits received for immigrants and native-born Americans are driven by differences in demographic characteristics. Spending on immigrants is somewhat greater primarily because they have more school age children. Fiscal impacts also vary by state. This brief presents results across states.   more info >

Immigrants and Minnesota's Workforce
University of Minnesota, Office of University Economic Development, January 2017, 22 pp.
The purpose of this report is to describe a range of important factors in understanding the demographic changes underway in Minnesota, with particular attention to evolving trends related to immigrants and refugees, and what role these changes will have on the state.   more info >

Characteristics of the U.S. Population by Generational Status: 2013: Current Population Survey Reports
United States Census Bureau, November 2016, 44 pp.
A national look at demographic characteristics, educational attainment, employment, poverty status, homeownership, voting, and other indicators by generation: first generation or foreign born, second generation (at least one foreign-born parent), and third and higher generation (both parents are native born).   more info >

Refugee Integration in the United States
Center for American Progress, June 2016, 56 pp.
This report examines how refugee groups in the United States fare in the long run. It finds that over time, refugees integrate well into their new communities. After being in the United States for 10 years, refugees are in many regards similar to their U.S.-born neighbors, with similar rates of labor force participation and business ownership.   more info >

Speaking for Ourselves: A Study with Immigrant and Refugee Communities in the Twin Cities
Wilder Research, April 2016, 383 pp.
The Speaking for Ourselves survey asked immigrants and refugees living in the Twin Cities about their perceptions and experiences related to education, transportation, housing, public health, safety, employment, finances, community and social engagement, and the immigrant experience.   more info >

A Transformation in Mexican Migration to the United States
Carsey School of Public Policy, July 2015, 6 pp.
This policy brief uses data from the 2008 and 2013 American Community Surveys to compare the demographic and socioeconomic profiles of Mexican immigrants. The analysis reveals that the shift in migration has coincided with changes in the composition of the Mexican population coming to the United States.   more info >

The Economic Potential of African Immigrants in Minnesota
Concordia University Saint Paul, May 2015, 45 pp.
Focusing on communities along transit corridors in the Twin Cities metro area, this report provides estimates of consumer spending, business activities, and civic contributions of African immigrants. The report helps to address gaps in census and other survey data.   more info >

Undocumented Immigrants' State and Local Tax Contributions
Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, April 2015, 22 pp.
This report provides state-by-state and national estimates on current state and local tax contributions of undocumented immigrants living in the United States as of 2012, the increase in contributions if all were granted lawful permanent residence, and the increase in contributions of those directly affected by executive actions in 2012 and 2014.   more info >

A Rising Share of the U.S. Black Population is Foreign Born: 9 Percent are Immigrants; and While Most Are from the Caribbean, Africans Drive Recent Growth
Pew Research Center, April 2015, 31 pp.
This report explores the demographic, economic, and geographic characteristics, as well as population trends,of the black foreign-born population in the United States.   more info >

Steady Growth and Big Changes Ahead: The Regional Forecast to 2040
Metropolitan Council, April 2015, 6 pp.
This brief highlights the economic and demographic forecast for the Twin Cities region, noting that by 2040, the region will experience more racially and ethnically diverse population growth, changing housing needs and preferences of older adults, and an increase in economic activity.   more info >

The Changing Face of the Heartland: Preparing America's Diverse Workforce for Tomorrow
The Brookings Institution, March 2015
This Brookings Essay highlights the Minneapolis-Saint Paul region in a discussion of how metropolitan areas are preparing a more diverse workforce and how those efforts could potentially give the U.S. a competitive advantage in the 21st century economy. The essay discusses the efforts of organizations that are working to close education and employment gaps in the Twin Cities region.   more info >

Bringing Vitality to Main Street: How Immigrant Small Businesses Help Local Economies Grow
Fiscal Policy Institute, January 2015, 42 pp.
Looks at the role immigrants play as neighborhood business owners. Includes strategies for assisting immigrant businesses as a way to impact neighborhood revitalization and economic development. The report includes Minneapolis-St. Paul as a metro area case study.   more info >

Immigrant Contributions to Minnesota's Economy
Partnership for New American Economy, October 2014, 12 pp.
Analysis finds that foreign-born Minnesotans contribute more in tax contributions and purchasing power than previously realized, and that they are responsible for 7.5 percent of the state’s gross domestic product.   more info >

Family Structure and Family Formation among Low-Income Hispanics in the U.S.
National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families, October 2014, 5 pp.
This research brief provides a national portrait of low-income Hispanic families in the U.S. using nationally-representative data to describe the relationship and childbearing histories of low-income Hispanic men and women aged 15 to 44. A distinction is made by nativity--i.e. born in the U.S. versus outside of the U.S.   more info >

The Geography of Foreign Students in U.S. Higher Education: Origins and Destinations
Brookings Institute, August 2014
Data on foreign students in the United States and their impact on the local economy.   more info >

Elderly Immigrants in the United States
Population Reference Bureau, October 2013, 9 pp.
Profile of immigrants who are older adults: demographic trends, economic circumstances, living arrangements, and health.   more info >

The Economic Contributions of Immigrants in Minnesota
Minnesota Chamber of Commerce and Minnesota Business Immigration Coalition, September 2013, 61 pp.
Presents data and research on the economic contributions and costs of immigrants in Minnesota.   more info >

Second-generation Americans: A Portrait of the Adult Children of Immigrants
Pew Research Center, February 2013, 130 pp.
This report finds that second-generation Americans—the 20 million adult U.S.-born children of immigrants—are substantially better off than immigrants themselves on key measures of socioeconomic attainment, They have higher incomes; more are college graduates and homeowners; and fewer live in poverty.   more info >

A Community of Contrasts: Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders in the Midwest, 2012
Asian American Center for Advancing Justice, December 2012, 90 pp.
Profile of Asian Americans in the Midwest, including the Twin Cities area.   more info >

Making Ends Meet: Hmong Socioeconomic Trends in the U.S.
Hmong Studies Journal, April 2012, 20 pp.
This article explores changes in the social and economic characteristics of the Hmong population in America over the last few decades, including which factors have contributed to differences in socioeconomic status of Hmong Americans in various communities and how the U.S. economic recession impacted Hmong Americans.   more info >

State of the Asian Pacific Minnesotans: 2010 Census and 2008-2010 American Community Survey Report
Council on Asian Pacific Minnesotans, April 2012, 36 pp.
Demographic data on Asian Pacific Minnesotans. Includes data on state and county numbers by ethnic group, homeownership, educational attainment, unemployment, income and poverty, and health insurance.   more info >

Immigrant workers in the U. S. labor force
Brookings Institution, March 2012, 18 pp.
Debates about illegal immigration, border security, skill levels of workers, unemployment, job growth and competition, and entrepreneurship all rely, to some extent, on perceptions of immigrants’ role in the U.S. labor market. These views are often shaped as much by politics and emotion as by facts. To better frame these debates, this short analysis provides data on immigrants in the labor force at the current time of slowed immigration, high unemployment, and low job growth and highlights eight industries where immigrants are especially vital.   more info >

The Geography of Immigrant Skills: Educational Profiles of Metropolitan Areas
Brookings Institute, June 2011, 32 pp.
This paper analyzes educational attainment among foreign-born adults in each of the nation’s 100 largest metros, identifying policy implications that reflect the overlap of immigration and economics.   more info >

Immigrant Children: The Future of Children Spring 2011
The Brookings Institution and Princeton University, March 2011, 270 pp.
Includes a variety of articles that look at the well-being of immigrant children and what can be done to improve their educational attainment, health, social and cognitive development, and long-term prospects for economic mobility.   more info >

Young Children of Immigrants: The Leading Edge of America's Future
The Urban Institute, August 2010, 14 pp.
Highlights information about children 0-8 growing up in immigrant families in the United States, including immigration trends, impact on schools, and parental and family characteristics.   more info >

A New Age of Immigrants: Making Immigration Work for Minnesota
Wilder Research, August 2010, 60 pp.
Describes characteristics of Minnesota's immigrant population; economic, social, and cultural effects of immigrants; policy considerations, and more. Commissioned by The Minneapolis Foundation, this report was completed to help promote constructive dialogue on the issue of immigration in Minnesota.   more info >

Population Bulletin Update: Immigration in America 2010
Population Reference Bureau, June 2010, 9 pp.
This report is an update to PRB’s Population Bulletin, “Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America." It examines new data, how the recession has affected immigration, and the ongoing policy debate at the state and federal level.   more info >

Connecting with our growing immigrant population
League of Minnesota Cities, January 2009, 16 pp.
The effects of a growing immigrant population on city services and employment and how to conduct a citizen dialogue on the issue.   more info >

Ethnic Capital and Minnesota's Future: People of Liberian Origin in Minnesota
Bruce P. Corrie, November 2008, 17 pp.
Using a series of policy scenarios, the author documents the economic contributions of people of Liberian origin in Minnesota.   more info >

Economic impact of immigrants
Office of the Legislative Auditor, May 2006, 25 pp.
Summary of economic research on the impact of immigrants in Minnesota, including impacts on government costs and revenues. The report includes census data on Minnesota's immigrant population, a summary information available on the economic impact on immigrants and on U.S.-born workers, and the national and state level impacts of immigrants on public costs and revenues. The final section addresses the impacts of illegal immigrants.   more info >

Immigration in Minnesota: Discovering Common Ground
The Minneapolis Foundation, October 2004, 10 pp.
Presents background information on Minnesota's immigrant groups: some statistics, why they came to Minnesota, their contributions and economic impact, and challenges they face.   more info >

The vltality of Latino communities in rural Minnesota
The Center for Rural Policy and Development, December 2001, 48 pp.
This report focuses on identifying and measuring specific barriers and supports for community development for Latinos in Greater Minnesota.   more info >

Grow faster together. Or grow slowly apart. How will America work in the 21st century?
Aspen Institute, November 2001, 48 pp.
Looks at the future of the U.S. economy, including the labor supply, work skills and an educated workforce, and wage gaps. Discusses potential solutions for making work pay, building a more skilled workforce, restoring work security while enhancing workforce flexibility, providing a more supportive workplace for working families, and rethinking the immigration policy. Also looks at economic changes that have occurred over the past 30 years.   more info >

Speaking for Themselves: A Survey of Hispanic, Russian, and Somali Immigrants in Minneapolis-Saint Paul
Wilder Research, November 2000, 20 pp.
This survey explores shared experiences as well as a wealth of differences among four major immigrant groups in the Twin Cities area. Topics include reasons for leaving home, reasons for coming to the United States and Minnesota, English language ability, treatment by Americans, views about cultural identity and Americanization, children and schools, religious identification, types of employment, stress factors, and sources of news and information.   more info >

Web sites

Economic Policy Institute
Focuses on the economic condition of low- and middle-income Americans and their families. Includes issue guides on the following topics: living wage, minimum wage, poverty and family budgets, retirement security, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and welfare.   more info >

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