Home to 5.4 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends

  • More than half of Minnesota's residents live in the 7-county Twin Cities region. It is one of the fastest growing regions in the Midwest and is predicted to continue rapid growth; increasing from 2.9 million people to nearly 3.6 million by 2040.
  • While Minnesota is still not nearly as racially diverse as the nation, we are becoming more diverse. Almost 18 percent of our state's residents are now persons of color, compared to only about 1 percent in 1960.
  • Age trends are also transforming our state. By 2030, the number of Minnesotans over age 65 is expected to almost double and older adults will comprise about one-fifth of our population.

Related Measures


  • Statewide, median income remained about the same from 2011 to 2012. However, the Twin Cities 13-county metro region median increased from 64,676 in 2011 to $66,282 in 2012.
  • Median income for households with foreign-born householders increased $3,419 from 2011 to $48,040 in 2012.
  • Minnesota is one of only two states in the nation to see a drop in poverty rates from 2011 to 2012. After three consecutive years of increases, Minnesota's poverty rate showed a statistically significant decrease from 11.9 percent in 2011 to 11.4 percent in 2012. 
  • Nearly 1 in every 5 preschoolers in Minnesota lives in a household whose income is below the poverty line, compared with 1 in 13 in their prime working years (45-64), and only 1 in 16 of those in the early years of traditional retirement (65-74). Young adults (18-24) buck the trend, with the highest rate: 1 in 4.
  • At 27 percent, the poverty rate among Minnesotans of color is high. Poverty rates are especially high among certain groups including African Americans (38%), American Indians (32%), and Hispanics (26%)


  • In 2011, 32 percent of Minnesotans (age 25+) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared with 29 percent of the nation overall.



Supporting women in STEM: Our bridge to a strong Minnesota

Ruth HambergA new white paper on gender disparities in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) got Ruth Hamberg thinking about the benefits of STEM skills she has experienced and the importance of supporting all students in STEM subjects.

Poverty rate

Paul Mattessich

What is the "real" poverty rate? Paul Mattessich, Compass project director, looks at the original, official definition and the new supplemental rate from the U.S. Census Bureau, and explains what they really tell us.

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
Led by Wilder Research

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