Home to 5.4 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends


40 by 40


Related Measures


  • Statewide, median income remained about the same from 2011 to 2012, and rose slightly in 2013, to $60,700. The Twin Cities 13-county metro region median income held steady from 2012 to 2013, when it was $67,200.
  • Median income for households with foreign-born householders increased $1,100 from 2012 to $49,900 in 2013.
  • After three consecutive years of increases, Minnesota's poverty rate declined from 11.9 percent in 2011 to 11.2 percent in 2013.
  • Nearly 2 in 10 preschoolers in Minnesota lives in a household whose income is below the poverty line, compared with fewer than 1 in 10 in their prime working years (45-64) and in the early years of traditional retirement (65-74). Young adults (18-24, traditionally college age) have the highest poverty rate: more than 2 in 10.
  • At 25 percent, the poverty rate among Minnesotans of color is relatively high, but showing signs of decline. Poverty rates are especially high among some ethnic communities, including American Indians (40%), people of Southeast Asian descent (27%), and Black Minnesotans (35% for immigrants and 41% for people born in the U.S.). 



Featured trend

persons of color in Minnesota trendline
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Minnesota population of color surpasses 1 million

Just released census data show Minnesota's population of color crossed the 1 million mark in 2014. Since 2010, Minnesota's population of color has increased 13 percent, outpacing the national rate of 9 percent. Nearly one in 5 residents is now a person of color.

See more demographics.


Susan Brower

The state demographer's office recently analyzed patterns of migration to better understand who is moving to Minnesota and who is moving away. State Demographer Susan Brower highlights some key findings, and gives her insight about what they mean. 

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
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