Home to 5.4 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends

Related Measures


  • Statewide, median income remained about the same from 2011 to 2012. However, the Twin Cities 13-county metro region median increased from 64,676 in 2011 to $66,282 in 2012.
  • Median income for households with foreign-born householders increased $3,419 from 2011 to $48,040 in 2012.
  • Minnesota is one of only two states in the nation to see a drop in poverty rates from 2011 to 2012. After three consecutive years of increases, Minnesota's poverty rate showed a statistically significant decrease from 11.9 percent in 2011 to 11.4 percent in 2012. 
  • Nearly 1 in every 5 preschoolers in Minnesota lives in a household whose income is below the poverty line, compared with 1 in 13 in their prime working years (45-64), and only 1 in 16 of those in the early years of traditional retirement (65-74). Young adults (18-24) buck the trend, with the highest rate: 1 in 4.
  • At 27 percent, the poverty rate among Minnesotans of color is high. Poverty rates are especially high among certain groups including African Americans (38%), American Indians (32%), and Hispanics (26%)


  • In 2011, 32 percent of Minnesotans (age 25+) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared with 29 percent of the nation overall.


Featured trend

map of Minnesota with population growth by county
demographis icon

Population: High growth in exurban counties

Over the next 30 years, Minnesota's population is expected to surpass 6 million, with high growth rates in exurban counties, those surrounding urban areas, throughout the state. But even with projected growth rate as high as 60 percent in some greater Minnesota counties, counties in the  Twin Cities region are expected to remain the state's most populous.

View topic: Demographics


Nancy Hartzler

In honor of Hispanic Heritage month, I dug into our Compass data and pulled out 5 trends I found interesting and hope you do too!

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
Led by Wilder Research

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