Home to 5.5 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends

  • Population is expected to remain steady or grow in all of Minnesota’s counties through 2030. Population decline is projected in some counties by 2045, mainly among some of the state’s northernmost counties.
  • While Minnesota is still not nearly as racially diverse as other states, we are becoming more diverse. 19 percent of our state's residents are now persons of color, compared to only about 1 percent in 1960.
  • Age trends are also transforming our state. By 2030, the number of Minnesotans over age 65 is expected to almost double and older adults will compose about one-fifth of our population.
  • The Twin Cities region has one of the lowest shares of people of color compared to other major metro areas: 22 percent, ranking twenty-fourth of the top twenty-five metros. That said, the population of color is growing rapidly and is expected to make up at least 40 percent of the region's overall population by 2040.

40 by 40

Making Connections

Asking questions about age, race, and disability provide further insights to guide our understanding of who we are and who we will be in the future. When we know who lives in our state, we can better understand what services will be needed, what our jobs prospects and economic outlook may look like. We can get a sense for which actions may be called for in education, health or housing. Demographic change influences and is influenced by trends in immigration, aging, and children and youth. Understanding the "Who" and "Where" of Minnesota residents is an essential foundation for a solid understanding of our state.

Quiz - Hispanic heritage month - Minnesota Compass


About 72,000 single-race American Indians live in Minnesota. Which county in Minnesota has the highest percentage of American Indian residents?
a) Beltrami
b) Cass
c) Clearwater
d) Mahnomen

Featured trend

change in rates of people of color in Minnesota
workforce icon

Populations of color drive growth in Minnesota

New population estimates show every region of our state is becoming more diverse. Notably:

See more demographic trends


Craig Helmstetter

Minnesota Compass Project Director Craig Helmstetter uses new poverty estimates from the Census Bureau to bust commonly-accepted myths about poverty in Minnesota.

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
Led by Wilder Research

© 2015. All rights reserved.