Home to 5.4 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends

Related Measures


  • Statewide, median income remained about the same from 2011 to 2012. However, the Twin Cities 13-county metro region median increased from 64,676 in 2011 to $66,282 in 2012.
  • Median income for households with foreign-born householders increased $3,419 from 2011 to $48,040 in 2012.
  • Minnesota is one of only two states in the nation to see a drop in poverty rates from 2011 to 2012. After three consecutive years of increases, Minnesota's poverty rate showed a statistically significant decrease from 11.9 percent in 2011 to 11.4 percent in 2012. 
  • Nearly 1 in every 5 preschoolers in Minnesota lives in a household whose income is below the poverty line, compared with 1 in 13 in their prime working years (45-64), and only 1 in 16 of those in the early years of traditional retirement (65-74). Young adults (18-24) buck the trend, with the highest rate: 1 in 4.
  • At 27 percent, the poverty rate among Minnesotans of color is high. Poverty rates are especially high among certain groups including African Americans (38%), American Indians (32%), and Hispanics (26%)


  • In 2011, 32 percent of Minnesotans (age 25+) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared with 29 percent of the nation overall.


Featured trend

older population vs school age in Minnesota
demographics icon

Older adults soon to exceed school-age population

By 2020, Minnesota’s 65+ population is expected to exceed our state’s school-age population. Currently, at least 20 percent of residents are over age 65 in one-third of Minnesota’s counties.  By 2030, this should be true for every county in Minnesota.

View topic: Demographics


Susan Brower

The state demographer's office recently analyzed patterns of migration to better understand who is moving to Minnesota and who is moving away. State Demographer Susan Brower highlights some key findings, and gives her insight about what they mean. 

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
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