Home to 5.4 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.

demographic trends

Related Measures


  • Statewide, median income remained about the same from 2011 to 2012. However, the Twin Cities 13-county metro region median increased from 64,676 in 2011 to $66,282 in 2012.
  • Median income for households with foreign-born householders increased $3,419 from 2011 to $48,040 in 2012.
  • Minnesota is one of only two states in the nation to see a drop in poverty rates from 2011 to 2012. After three consecutive years of increases, Minnesota's poverty rate showed a statistically significant decrease from 11.9 percent in 2011 to 11.4 percent in 2012. 
  • Nearly 1 in every 5 preschoolers in Minnesota lives in a household whose income is below the poverty line, compared with 1 in 13 in their prime working years (45-64), and only 1 in 16 of those in the early years of traditional retirement (65-74). Young adults (18-24) buck the trend, with the highest rate: 1 in 4.
  • At 27 percent, the poverty rate among Minnesotans of color is high. Poverty rates are especially high among certain groups including African Americans (38%), American Indians (32%), and Hispanics (26%)


  • In 2011, 32 percent of Minnesotans (age 25+) had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared with 29 percent of the nation overall.


Featured trend

crime rate
public safety icon

Minnesota crime rate drops to lowest point in two decades

Serious crime, which includes reported property and violent crime, has plummeted since 1990.  The number of property crimes, which accounts for more than 90 percent of serious crime, has declined by 43 percent, while violent crime has declined by 21 percent.

View topic: Public Safety



The millennial generation (currently age 14-33) has become the subject of a lot of media attention. Researchers Craig Hlemstetter and Jane Tigan dug into the data and pulled out some trends related specifically to this age group in Minnesota.


Population estimates on Compass indicate the population in every county in Minnesota will grow or remain steady through 2030. Of our 87 counties, how many are expected to have populations of more than 100,000 people in 2030?
a) 6
b) 9
c) 12
d) 15

additional data sources

Much of the data in this section are compiled from the Census Bureau's intercensal estimates. Get links to other credible sources.

Minnesota Compass

Minnesota Compass
Led by Wilder Research

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