Home to 5.5 million people, Minnesota is undergoing major shifts.
- Population is expected to remain steady or grow in many Minnesota counties through 2030. Growth of 10 to 20 percent is expected in Olmsted County and Twin Cities region counties.
- Population decline is projected in some counties by 2050, mainly in the southwest region but with spread throughout the state.
- Age trends are transforming Minnesota. By 2030, the number of Minnesotans age 65 years and older is projected to grow from 800,000 to 1.3 million. Older adults will compose about one fifth of our population.
- Residents of color compose 19 percent of Minnesota's total population. This varies by age: 31 percent of our state's youngest residents (age 0-4) are of color, compared to 6 percent of our oldest residents (age 65+)
- Minnesota is home to a smaller share of residents of color than many other states, but the pace of population growth among people of color is relatively quick. Among the 50 states, Minnesota continues to rank among the states with smaller shares of residents of color (38th). The state has seen 20 percent growth in its population of color since 2010 – tenth highest among states.
- Since 2010, four regions have experienced a net loss of non-Hispanic white residents: Northland, Northwest, Southern, and Southwest. Net gains in residents of color in the Northwest and Southern regions have helped these regions maintain positive population growth. Net gains in residents of color in the other two regions have not been large enough to offset overall population decline.
- The Twin Cities region has one of the lowest shares of people of color compared to other major metro areas: 23 percent, ranking 25th among the top 25 metros. That said, the population of color is growing rapidly and expected to make up at least 40 percent of the region's overall population by 2040.
Asking questions about age, race, and disability provide further insights to guide our understanding of who we are and who we will be in the future. When we know who lives in our state, we can better understand what services will be needed, what our jobs prospects and economic outlook may look like. We can get a sense for which actions may be called for in education, health or housing. Demographic change influences and is influenced by trends in immigration, aging, and children and youth. Knowing the "who" and "where" of Minnesota residents is an essential foundation for a solid understanding of our state.