Measuring progress. Inspiring action.

State of Minnnesota

At-a-glance facts about residents, households, and workforce. Data are largely derived from the U.S. Census Bureau. When a data point is missing or considered unreliable, it will not display or be labeled suppressed. See information about geographic profile sources.

Demographics
Minnesota
-Population estimates (2017)
Total Population 5,576,606
Percent total population change since 2010 +5.1%
-Population forecasts
Total Population (2030) 5,974,304
Total Population (2040) 6,189,207
-Total population (2016)
Total Population 5,450,868
-Gender and Age (2016)
Male 2,747,630
Female 2,772,322
Under 5 years 352,504
5-9 years 359,459
10-14 years 361,035
15-17 years 215,335
18-24 years 507,542
25-34 years 748,412
35-44 years 676,706
45-54 years 727,418
55-64 years 739,313
65-74 years 472,248
75-84 years 240,616
85 years and older 119,364
17 years and younger 1,288,333
18-64 years 3,399,391
65 years and older 832,228
-Race and Ethnicity (2016)
White 4,691,265
Of Color 828,687
Black or African American 344,322
American Indian and Alaskan Native 73,970
Asian or Pacific Islander 272,170
Two or more races 134,464
Hispanic or Latino 289,422
-Foreign-born (2016)
Foreign-born residents 452,436 8.2%
-Language Spoken (2016)
Population (5 years and older) 421,710 8.3%
English Only 82,396 19.5%
Language other than English 339,314 80.5%
Speaks English less than "very well" 187,711 44.5%
-Disability (2016)
Total population for whom disability status is determined 5,462,438 100.0%
Population with a disability 602,014 11.0%
-Residence one year ago (2016)
Population (1 year and over in US) 5,455,904 100.0%
Same residence 4,669,227 85.6%
Different residence in the U.S. 756,471 13.9%
Different residence outside the U.S. 30,206 0.6%
Aging
Minnesota
-Disability (2012-2016)
Adults 65+ with a disability 250,663 31.3%
-Volunteerism (2015)
Adults 65+ who volunteer 35.7%
-Income (2012-2016)
Median household income, householder age 65+ $43,242
Arts & Culture
Minnesota
-Arts and culture attendance (2015)
Adults age 18+ who attended a cultural event in the past year 55.0%
-Creating and performing (2014)
Adults 18+ who created or performed art in the past year 45.0%
-Youth arts participation (2012)
Families whose children participated in arts in the past year 86.4%
Children and Youth
Minnesota
-Connection to a caring adult (2016)
Students who are connected to a caring adult 59.9%
-Participation in enrichment activities (2016)
Students participating in enrichment activities 64.8%
-Voter turnout (2016)
Voted in presidential election 70.1%
-Volunteerism (2015)
Residents age 16+ who volunteer 36.3%
-Neighbors helping neighbors (2015)
Adult neighbors who helped neighbors in the past year 70.0%
Early Childhood
Minnesota
-Early childhood screening (2016)
Children screened before age 5 81.1%
-Babies born with low birth weight (2016)
Low-weight births (single births only) 4.9%
-Children with working parents (2012-2016)
Percent of children 0-5 with two working parents 53.1%
-Children enrolled in pre-school (2012-2016)
3 and 4 year olds enrolled in pre-school 46.2%
-Child care costs (2018)
Average montly costs for two children in full-time child care $1,377
Economy
Minnesota
-Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (2016)
Per-capita Gross Domestic Product (2009 dollars) $53,704
-Jobs (2016)
Number of available jobs 2,895,600
Percent job change from previous year +1.4%
-Household income (2016 dollars)
Total households 2,148,725 100.0%
Less than $35,000 546,427 25.4%
$35,000-$49,999 271,497 12.6%
$50,000-$74,999 392,816 18.3%
$75,000-$99,999 298,663 13.9%
$100,000 or more 639,322 29.8%
Median household income (2016 dollars, averaged) $65,599
-Poverty (2016)
All people for whom poverty status is determined 5,396,363 100.0%
With income below poverty 533,276 9.9%
With income 100-149% of poverty 395,311 7.3%
With income 150-199% of poverty 380,127 7.0%
With income 200% of poverty or higher 4,087,649 75.7%
17 years and younger (percent of people under 18) 175,079 13.9%
18-64 (percent of people 18-64) 346,668 13.1%
65 years and older (percent of people 65+) 55,449 7.4%
17 years and younger (percent of people under 18) 175,079 13.9%
18-24 (percent of people 18-24) 105,498 23.2%
25-34 (percent of people 25-34) 81,884 11.1%
35-44 (percent of people 35-44) 55,052 8.3%
45-54 (percent of people 45-54) 53,243 7.1%
55-64 (percent of people 55-64) 50,991 7.2%
65 years and older (percent of people 65+) 55,449 7.4%
-Cost of living by family type (Median annual wage required to meet basic needs) (2018)
Single (Ages 19-50), No Children $30,084
Single (Ages 51+), No Children $30,252
Partnered (Ages 19-50), Two Children $80,976
Single (Ages 19-50), Two Children $79,380
-Median annual wage by Industry (2017)
Construction $56,930
Education and Health Services $40,456
Financial Activities $59,696
Information $59,966
Leisure and Hospitality $24,877
Manufacturing $46,530
Natural Resources and Mining $34,798
Other Services $31,179
Professional and Business Services $46,301
Public Administration $53,331
Trade, Transportation and Utilities $31,824
-Broadband (2017)
Percent households with wireline broadband (25Mbps/3Mbps) 88.1%
Percent households with wireline broadband (100Mbps/20Mbps) 70.0%
Education
Minnesota
-3rd grade reading scores (2017)
3rd graders proficient in reading 56.5%
-8th grade math scores (2017)
8th graders proficient in math 58.0%
-High school graduation rate (2016)
Students graduating from high school on time 82.2%
Environment
Minnesota
-Air quality (2016)
Days air quality was rated "good" (Twin Cities) 50.3%
-Greenhouse gas emissions (2015)
Tons of green house gas emissions per person 29
Health
Minnesota
-Health Coverage (2016)
Total population for whom health insurance coverage status is determined 5,462,438 100.0%
Population without health insurance coverage 224,946 4.1%
-Obesity (2016)
Adults age 18+ who are obese 27.8%
-Diabetes (2016)
Adults age 18+ with diabetes 8.4%
-Mental Health (2015)
Psychiatric hospital admissions per 1,000 residents age 14+ 7
Housing
Minnesota
-Total housing units (2016)
Total housing units 2,409,701
-Owned and Rental Housing (2016)
Vacant housing units (seasonal units included) 260,976 10.4%
Seasonal vacancy housing units only 148,687 53.0%
Occupied housing units 2,148,725 89.6%
Average household size 2.51
Owner-occupied 4,018,532 74.6%
Average household size 2.62
Renter-occupied 1,368,877 25.4%
Average household size 2.22
-Year Built (2016)
2000 or later 451,155 18.7%
1970-1999 992,440 41.2%
1940-1969 573,138 23.8%
1939 or earlier 392,968 16.3%
-Households (2016)
Total households 2,148,725
-Households by Type (2016)
Family households 1,367,104 63.6%
With children under 18 years 641,889 29.9%
Married-couple family households 1,087,864 50.3%
With children under 18 years 449,351 20.9%
Single-person family households 285,537 13.3%
With children under 18 years 192,538 9.0%
Nonfamily households 781,621 36.4%
Householder living alone 628,368 29.2%
65 years and over 573,205 26.7%
Households with one or more children under 18 years 648,400 30.2%
Households with one or more people 65 years and over 573,205 26.7%
-Year householder moved into unit (2016)
Moved in 2010 or later 957,250 44.5%
Moved in 2000-2009 556,022 25.9%
Moved in 1990-1999 317,984 14.8%
Moved in 1980-1989 153,410 7.1%
Moved in 1969 or earlier 164,059 7.6%
-Cost-burdened households (2016)
All households for which cost burden is calculated 2,093,409
Cost-burdened households 583,172 27.9%
Owner households for which cost burden is calculated 1,518,575
Cost-burdened owner households 310,897 20.5%
Renter households for which cost burden is calculated 574,834
Cost-burdened renter households 272,275 47.4%
-Rent Paid (2016)
Households paying rent 591,005
Median rent paid (2016 dollars, averaged) $912
-Homelessness (2015)
Count of persons experiencing homelessness 9,312
Immigration
Minnesota
-Working Adults (2012-2016)
% of immigrations 16-64 working 72.0%
-Household income (2017)
Median household income in 2016 dollars, foreign-born householder $53,857
-Educational Attainment (2012-2016)
Immigrants 25+ with a bachelor's degree or higher 119,830 
Public Safety
Minnesota
-Crime (2016)
Serious crimes commited per 100,000 residents 2,363
-Traffic injuries and deaths (2015)
Traffic injuries and fatalities per 100,000 residents 554
Transportation
Minnesota
-Vehicles per household (2016)
No vehicles 146,138 6.8%
1 vehicle available 642,986 29.9%
2 vehicles available 871,020 40.5%
3 or more vehicles available 488,581 22.7%
-Transportation to work (2016)
Workers (16 years and older) 2,868,581 100.0%
Car, truck, or van (including passengers) 2,478,950 86.4%
Public transportation 103,966 3.6%
Walked, biked, worked at home, or other 285,665 10.0%
-Travel time to work (2016)
Total age 16+ (not home based) 2,661,770 100.0%
Less than 10 minutes 438,280 16.2%
10-19 minutes 813,359 30.1%
20-29 minutes 600,471 22.2%
30 minutes or longer 849,040 31.4%
-Pavement condition (2017)
Highway miles rated in poor condition 2.9%
-Transportation expenses (2008-2012)
Average household income spent on transportation 23.3%
-Congestion (2011)
Roads congested during peak driving times (Twin Cities) 35.0%
-Access to destinations (2016)
Average number of jobs reachable within 30-minute commute by foot or transit (Twin Cities) 17,651
Workforce
Minnesota
-Educational Attainment (2016)
Population (25 years and older) 3,725,283 100.0%
Less than high school 263,888 7.1%
High school diploma or GED 937,937 25.2%
Some college or associate's degree 1,226,474 32.9%
Bachelor's degree 860,125 23.1%
Graduate or professional degree 436,859 11.7%
High school graduate or higher 3,461,395 92.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 1,296,984 34.8%
Graduation rate at 4-year institutions 63.2%
Graduation plus transfer rate at 2-year institutions (in 3 years) 49.9%
-Educational Attainment (2014)
Graduation rate at 4-year institutions 63.2%
Graduation plus transfer rate at 2-year institutions (in 3 years) 49.9%
-Working Adults (2016)
Total civilian non-institutionalized population, 18-64 3,375,664
% of working age adults who are employed 2,721,833 96.3%
Civilian labor force 2,827,346 83.8%
Unemployed 105,513 3.7%
-Total Employed Workers (LEHD) (2015)
Total Employed Workers 2,552,060 100.0%
-Worker Age (2015)
Age 29 or younger 589,481 23.1%
Age 30 to 54 1,384,394 54.2%
Age 55 or older 578,185 22.7%
-Workers by Earnings (2015)
$15,000 per year or less 486,255 19.1%
$15,001 to $39,999 per year 788,268 30.9%
$40,000 or more per year 1,277,537 50.1%
-Workers by Industry of Employment (2015)
Accommodation and food services 181,993 7.1%
Administration & support, waste management and remediation 117,196 4.6%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting suppressed
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 34,394 1.3%
Construction 115,841 4.5%
Educational services 233,732 9.2%
Finance and insurance 134,025 5.3%
Health care and social assistance 414,590 16.2%
Information 52,638 2.1%
Management of companies and enterprises 88,226 3.5%
Manufacturing 314,662 12.3%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction suppressed
Other services (excluding public administration) 76,757 3.0%
Professional, scientific, and technical services 141,301 5.5%
Public administration 115,508 4.5%
Real estate and rental and leasing 36,986 1.4%
Retail trade 252,305 9.9%
Transportation and warehousing 72,580 2.8%
Utilities suppressed
Wholesale trade 130,418 5.1%
-Workers by Race (2015)
White alone 2,279,722 89.3%
Black or African American alone 121,511 4.8%
American Indian or Alaska Native alone suppressed
Asian alone 97,034 3.8%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander alone suppressed
Two or more race groups 30,269 1.2%
-Workers by Educational Attainment (2015)
Less than high school 153,341 6.0%
High school or equivalent, no college 532,586 20.9%
Some college or associative degree 668,533 26.2%
Bachelor's degree or advanced degree 608,119 23.8%
Education attainment not available (workers under age 30) 589,481 23.1%
-Workers by Employment Location (2015)
Workers with an Identified Employer Location 2,465,090
Minneapolis 304,876 12.4%
St. Paul 169,141 6.9%
Bloomington 81,246 3.3%
Rochester 77,439 3.1%
Duluth 52,188 2.1%
Eden Prairie 50,070 2.0%
St. Cloud 49,300 2.0%
Plymouth 48,740 2.0%
Eagan 46,403 1.9%
Edina 43,808 1.8%
All other 1,541,879 62.5%
-Workers by Distance to Employment Location (linear) (2015)
Less than 10 miles 1,225,465 49.7%
10 to 24 miles 833,111 33.8%
25 to 50 miles 233,424 9.5%
Greater than 50 miles 173,090 7.0%