Minnesota is undergoing major demographic changes. These include a rapidly growing older adult population and increasing racial and ethnic diversity, especially among our state's youngest.
- Minnesota is home to 5.6 million residents, the 22nd largest state by population size. Fifty-five percent of Minnesota residents live in the Twin Cities 7-county region.
- Through 2030, 36 Minnesota counties are expected to see population decline of at least 2 percent. Strong population growth is expected to be concentrated in the Twin Cities, with Carver, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott, and Washington Counties expecting growth of at least 10 percent through 2030.
- Age trends are transforming Minnesota. The number of Minnesotans age 65 years and older is projected to increase by about half a million people – to 1.3 million or a fifth of the state population – by 2030.
- Residents of color compose 19 percent of Minnesota's total population. This varies by age: 31 percent of our state's youngest residents (age 0-4) are of color, compared to 6 percent of our oldest residents (age 65+)
- Minnesota is home to a smaller share of residents of color than many other states, but the pace of population growth among people of color is relatively quick. Among the 50 states, Minnesota continues to rank among the states with smaller shares of residents of color (38th). The state has seen 20 percent growth in its population of color since 2010 – tenth highest among states.
- Since 2010, four regions have experienced a net loss of non-Hispanic white residents: Northland, Northwest, Southern, and Southwest. Net gains in residents of color in the Northwest and Southern regions have helped these regions maintain positive population growth. Net gains in residents of color in the other two regions have not been large enough to offset overall population decline.
- The Twin Cities region has one of the lowest shares of people of color compared to other major metro areas: 23 percent, ranking 25th among the top 25 metros. That said, the population of color is growing rapidly and expected to make up at least 40 percent of the region's overall population by 2040.
Asking questions about age, race, and disability provide further insights to guide our understanding of who we are and who we will be in the future. When we know who lives in our state, we can better understand what services will be needed, what our jobs prospects and economic outlook may look like. We can get a sense for which actions may be called for in education, health or housing. Demographic change influences and is influenced by trends in immigration, aging, and children and youth. Knowing the "who" and "where" of Minnesota residents is an essential foundation for a solid understanding of our state.