Measuring progress. Inspiring action.

Featured trends

Our researchers spotlight interesting trends as they update data on the site.

Working-age adults, 1960-2010, Today, and by 2025

Age trends are transforming Minnesota

In the coming years, Minnesota’s older adult population should continue to grow as our working-age population appears to be leveling off. As a result, the ratio of working-age adults to older adults will continue to shrink over the coming decade. Potential implications are widespread, from housing and transportation needs in aging communities, to demands on the workforce as baby boomers continue to retire.


Learn more about the retirement- to working-age ratio.

Primary refugee arrivals in Minnesota

Minnesota sees smallest number of refugee arrivals in more than a decade

Last year marked the smallest number of primary refugee arrivals in Minnesota over the last 17 years. About 670 refugees resettled in Minnesota in 2018, nearly half originally from Burma. Primary refugees are individuals who arrive directly in Minnesota from a country of asylum or refugee camp, while secondary refugees (not included in calculations) are those who migrate to Minnesota after arriving in a different state of resettlement.


Learn more about Minnesota’s immigrant population.

Minnesota high school students graduating on time, by race 2012 to 2017

High school graduation rates up, though gaps remain

Minnesota’s high school graduation rate has steadily marched upward, improving to 83 percent in 2017. Rates improved across all races and ethnicities, and that’s certainly good news. But disparities by race remain an acute problem for Minnesota.


See more data on high school graduation rates.

Minnesota population change by county 2010 to 2018

Twin Cities region leads population growth in Minnesota

Across Minnesota’s regions, the Twin Cities has seen the greatest population growth since 2010. Across Minnesota’s counties, Carver and Scott have posted the greatest percentage growth in population, at more than 13% over the last 8 years.

See more data on population change in Minnesota.

Minnesota population by select age groups, 1950 to 2017, projected to 2050

Minnesota’s older adult population poised to outnumber school-aged kids

We’ve almost reached the inflection point: Sometime over the next year, there will be more older Minnesotans (65+) than school-aged kids (5-17). Moreover, while our school-aged population is projected to remain largely level over the coming decades, the number of older adults will continue to grow.

See more data on population by age in Minnesota.

Minnesota counties where poverty declined between 2012 to 2017

No change in poverty for most Minnesota counties

Most Minnesota counties saw no change in poverty between 2012 and 2017, but 11 counties saw statistically significant declines. Dig deeper in our poverty key measure, which has been updated through 2017 with the most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

See more data on poverty in Minnesota.

Proportion of adults working by race, 2012 and 2017

Gap in employment by race has narrowed

In 2012, 15 percentage points separated the shares of non-Hispanic whites and people of color who were working; today, the gap stands at 10 percentage points. We now see higher levels of employment among both groups, but gains in employment have been stronger for workers of color. In particular, we have seen strong gains in employment among black and Hispanic Minnesotans over the last several years.

See more data on proportion of adults working.

Minnesota adults educational attainment, 2007 to 2017
economic trend

Adults with bachelor's degree now largest share of Minnesota's adults

Over the last decade, we've seen a flip in the share of adults with lower and higher levels of educational attainment. Minnesota's adults with a high school degree or less formed the largest share of our adult population until 2014. But starting in 2014, adults with a bachelor's degree or higher became the largest share of our adult population.

See more educational attainment data.

Individuals below the poverty level 2008 thru 2017, comparing Twin Cities to Greater Minnesota
economic trend

Poverty declines in Twin Cities, stagnates in greater Minnesota

Poverty rates across the Twin Cities and greater Minnesota have been diverging in recent years. While the Twin Cities has seen sustained declines in poverty since 2014, greater Minnesota's poverty rate has largely stagnated. See more poverty data.

Minnesota's voting eligible population that voted decreased from 64% in 2002 to 50% in 2014
workforce trend

Steady decline in midterm voter turnout

Voter turnout steadily declined over the last several midterm elections in Minnesota. Half of Minnesota's eligible voters cast a ballot in the 2014 midterm election, down from midterm turnout in 2002, 2006, and 2010.
See more voter turnout data.

Data Update

Minnesota is home to 267,000 children of immigrants. In other words, more than 1 in 6 kids statewide is the child of an immigrant.

Statewide, our school-aged population still outnumbers our older adult population. But this is not the case in all regions of the state. Older adults already outnumber school-aged kids in the Northland, Northwest, Southern, Southwest, and West Central regions.

Statewide, there are four working-age adults for every one older adult, down from five-to-one in 2010. The ratio is even smaller in some Minnesota regions. There are three working-age adults for every older adult in the Northland, Northwest, Southwest, and West Central regions of the state.

Minnesota’s economic output, or gross domestic product (GDP), stands at $331.4 billion. 2018 marks the ninth straight year of year-over-year increases in Minnesota’s GDP.