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New data

Highlights of updates across Compass' topic areas:

Health care coverage

Proportions of adults working

Poverty levels for children 0-5


Economic output (GDP) by region and county

  • In 2018, the Northland region’s economic output per working-age adult was $78,000, $4,200 more than the year before and a larger dollar increase than any other region.  The Twin Cities region produced the highest economic output per working-age adult, at $109,800.
  • Twin Cities metropolitan area counties Hennepin, Ramsey, Dakota, and Anoka top the list of counties with the highest real GDP in 2018. In greater Minnesota, the top-ranked counties are Olmsted, St. Louis, Stearns, and Blue Earth. These counties are home to Rochester, Duluth, St. Cloud, and Mankato, respectively.



  • Foreign-born populations continue to grow as a proportion of overall population across Minnesota counties. In greater Minnesota, the county with the largest share foreign-born residents is Nobles County, at 19% of its total population. Olmstead County has the largest number of foreign-born residents in greater Minnesota, at 16,716. In the 7-County Twin Cities region, 16% of Ramsey County’s population is foreign born, while nearly 175,000 foreign-born residents live in Hennepin County
  • Cities with significant increases in the share of the population who are foreign born include New Ulm, Sartell, and Albert Lea, each about doubling the percentage of the foreign-born populations in their respective cities. However, the percentage of the population who are foreign-born in these cities remains relatively low compared to metro cities. Just 2% of the population in New Ulm, for example, are foreign born.
  • Of all cities, Chaska has experienced the largest decline in the percentage of its population that is foreign born, from 10% in 2013 to 7% in 2018. Numerically, Richfield has experienced the largest decrease during the same timeframe, at 974.

Cost-burdened households

Although the share of white (non-Hispanic) households that pay more than 30% of their income for housing increased slightly between 2017 and 2018, from 23% to 24%, approximately 38% of households of color are housing cost burdened.


Cities in Minnesota with the highest population growth since 2010 include Rogers, Otsego, Alexandria, and Waconia. Rogers grew by 51% between 2010 and 2018, while Otsego, Alexandria, and Waconia grew by 28%, 26%, and 23%, respectively
During that same time period, the percentage of the population who are persons of color more than doubled in four Minnesota cities: New Ulm, St. Michael, Alexandria, and Sartell. Sartell had the highest growth in the proportion of its residents who are persons of color. Buffalo had a nearly 50% drop in the share of its residents who are persons of color.

Retirement to working-age population ratio

The ratio of retirement-age adults (65+) to working-age adults (16-64) increased in 60 Minnesota cities, signaling disproportionate growth in the number of older adults compared to the working-age population. At roughly 2:1, the ratio of working-age adults to older adults is smallest in Fergus Falls, where the number of working-age adults is only double the number of older adults. At the opposite end of the spectrum, Big Lake’s ratio of 10:1 means that there are 10 times the number of working-age adults than older adults.

Connection to caring adults

Between 2016 and 2019, the share of students across Minnesota who report being connected to a caring adult in the community declined slightly from 60% to 58%. But this translates to nearly 5,000 fewer students who report being connected to a caring adult in the community.

Children engaged in enrichment activities

The share of students across Minnesota who report being highly engaged in enrichment activities fell from 65% to nearly 60%—a drop of 9,200 students—between 2016 and 2019.

This represents a selection of data updated on the site. Click the links and use the gray breakdown bar to navigate to more new data in each topic area.

Updated April 2020

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New & Noteworthy

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Communities of color, particularly Black and Latino communities, have a higher COVID-19 infection and death rate than White communities¬, a reality that has laid bare racial and ethnic health disparities and inequities that have existed for years.